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All You Need to Know about CompTIA A+ Certification



CompTIA (Computing Technology Industry Association) is a big group of traders consisting of manufacturers, resellers, and distributors who deal with price protection, product returns, and warranty claims. CompTIA A+ is an entry-level IT certification for IT professionals who are looking to start or boost their career as computer service technicians.

The credential determines the skills of beginners in a computer service in installing, operating, maintaining, and customizing personal computers. Traditionally, the CompTIA A+ certificate was offered as a lifetime certification but since 2011, IT professionals are required to retake the exam and renew this credential after every 3 years. Prerequisites If you are looking to get the CompTIA A+ certification, you need the following end-user skills with Windows-based personal computers beforehand:

  • Start up and shut down
  • Browsing the Internet and searching for information
  • Logging onto a computer network
  • Moving, renaming, copying and deleting files in Windows Explorer
  • Basic computer knowledge of hardware and software
  • Knowledge of operating system applications and file systems
  • Basic functions of a computer network

Course Outline There are certain skills you will learn before you take the certification exam. Here is the course outline for the CompTIA A+ certificate:

  • Personal computers’ and mobile digital devices’ hardware components
  • Composition and utilization of operating systems
  • Basic networking and security essentials
  • Procedural conduct of PC technicians
  • Installing, configuring and troubleshooting display devices
  • Installing and configuring peripheral components
  • Managing system components and data storage
  • Installing, configuring, maintaining, and optimizing Microsoft Windows
  • Establishing connections with other operating systems
  • Determining hardware and software specifications for configurations on a client’s environment
  • Determining network technicalities
  • Installing and configuring networking capacities
  • Supporting printers, mobile digital devices, and multifunction devices
  • Determining vulnerabilities, security threats, and controls
  • Executing security controls
  • Troubleshooting overall system issues

Certification ExamS The industry, rather than vendors, engineers the content of the exam. The examination comprises two tests. Your exam questions come from your coursework but sometimes they do not come from it hence you need to think outside the box. Here are the details of the A+ certification exams click url:

  • The exam codes for the CompTIA A+ certification are 220-901 and 220-902. The 220-901 test covers hardware components (34%), computer networking (21%), mobile digital devices (17%), and hardware and network troubleshooting (28%). The 220-902 test covers Windows operating systems (29%), different operating systems and technologies (12%), security threats and controls (22%), software troubleshooting (24%), and procedural operations (13%).
  • There are 90 questions for each certification test. These questions are designed to include multiple choices for your responses, exhibits, and questions that need you find a solution to the situation presented. Each section of the exam does not necessarily hold topical questions from that particular topic but may be mixed from different ones.You can prepare for the A+ exam from PrepAway CompTIA A+ Practice Test Exam Questions – 220-901 & 220-902 and be ready for the real exam.
  • The duration of both examinations is 90 minutes.
  • For the 220-901 test, 675 out of 900 is a passing score, while the passing score for the 220-902 exam is 700 out of 900.
  • The languages are English, French, Modern Spanish, German, Portuguese, and Japanese.
  • Each exam costs around $211.
  • It is recommended to have 9-12 months of practical experience in the lab.
  • Before you sit for the certification exams, you need a valid identification form and voucher you purchased for purposes of taking the tests. You are not allowed to carry most items into the testing room including books, papers, writing tools and materials, electronic devices, drinks, food, and personal items such as backpacks or purses.
  • Your results will be released upon your completion of the tests.

EXAM PREPARATION Before you choose the preparation method to use, you need to determine whether you are good studying by yourself or you need help studying. There are study materials offered by CompTIA for all its certifications and you need to navigate your concentration levels to get the right method of studying. You can use an instructor-led training or self-study. Here are the specifics:

  • Online learning. Many reputable institutions online offer the CompTIA A+ curriculum with remote instructors. Some online universities offer the exam as an enticement for the students to sign up for their courses. Online courses may not have the traditional classroom setting but they are cheaper and can easily fit into your schedule.
  • Brick and mortar learning. Multiple community colleges offer the CompTIA A+ certification courses and you will be able to get the traditional learning experience before you take the exams. If you can afford to enroll and are comfortable with the schedule, you can go for it.
  • Development programs at work. Some organizations offer training for their IT workers on the CompTIA A + courses and pay for the exams or set certain fees to improve the skills of their workers. You can use such opportunities if they exist in your workplace.
  • IT training centers. They exist to get people ready for the workforce and you can use their training to prepare for your exams.
  • Virtual training opportunities. They get you ready by enabling you to visualize situations that you need to solve and you can polish your practical skills.
  • Software for test prep. The CompTIA CertMaster offers learning modules that will test you and gauge your preparedness for the exams.
  • Books, e-books and online study guides. You can create your own reading schedule and go over the books that have a relevant content as you prepare for the certification tests.

Career Opportunities Getting the CompTIA A+ certification is the first step of proving yourself as a professional to a potential employer. Many other certificates exist but this one covers the entry level, the IT proficiency and will show him/ her that you understand the basic competencies and you can carry out tasks assigned to you. Many organizations digitize their files and any computer breakdowns could lead to loss of information or inability to communicate hence with this CompTIA certification you can work as a Tech Support or a Systems and Security Administrator with the potential of rising higher when you obtain the other CompTIA.


People & Lifestyle

Kenya’s Jennifer Riria to be Honoured as Model African Woman of the Year 2022 by YAWC



Dr Ririas Africn Pic 1

The Group Chief Executive Officer of Echo Network Africa (ENA), formerly Kenya Women Holding which is a woman led, women serving development institution has been nominated to be honoured at the 6th Annual Continental Convocation of the Young African Women Congress (YAWC) which is set to take place in Accra, Ghana from 2nd to 6th October, 2022 under the theme, “Network for Empowerment: Eliminating Barriers to Women’s Development”.

She will be honoured in relation to her interventions in improving the socio-economic situation of women and girls in Kenya, having been admitted into the EY Global Hall of Fame.

A special event dubbed, “Jennifer Riria Day” will be held in her honour on Tuesday 4th October within the period of the congress.

Dr Riria is distinguished as a Microfinance Banker and Practitioner, Researcher and Gender Specialist. She has led Kenya Women Finance Trust Microfinance (KWFT) Bank for over three decades, and propelled it from an unprofitable NGO to a medium sized Bank, serving low income women and their families all over the Kenya. KWFT has served over 3 million women and disbursed over US$ 3 billion over a period of 30 years. As the CEO she spearheaded the transformation of KWFT from a microfinance institution to a regulated middle-sized bank (2004-2009).

She has served in many other leadership roles both in financial, public, and health institutions for which she has been recognised locally and internationally. Dr Riria is the Patron of the Democracy Trust Fund (DTF) a semi-autonomous organization that supports and positions women to participate in democratic processes. Additionally, Dr Riria is the Chairperson of the Africa Women Leaders Network – Kenyan Chapter. Recently she re-launched the “Jennifer Riria Foundation” whose focus is to enhance young women’s leadership through innovations and connecting them with the private sector. Working with and touching people’s life is her passion. Dr. Riria served on many Boards including the Women’s World Bank Board which is an international microfinance network of microfinance institutions and banks for 21 years, which she was the Chairperson.

The “Jennifer Riria Day” will be the second in a series of events to recognise and celebrate astute women of Africa for their contributions to women empowerment for national and global impact. The first, having been conferred on the first female Chief of Staff of the Republic of Ghana, Hon. Akosua Frema Osei Opare in 2019. The day is specifically named after the woman proposed to be celebrated at the specific congress to leave an imprint on the minds of delegates on the achievements of the honouree.

The Young African Women Congress is a Pan-African event opened to young women of African descent. It is a platform which fosters knowledge-sharing and cultural exchanges among nations and generations. Major activities at the congress include Keynote Presentation, Panel Sessions, Career Workshops, Group Brainstorming Sessions as well as Project Story Presentations by delegates. There is also a full day trip to interesting sites to promote Africa’s heritage and tourism.

Its main objective is captured in its motto: Empowering Women for Continental Development and Integration for a Better World.

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People & Lifestyle

Ghana’s new dancing super-talent, Endurancegrand steps into the light with her effervescence




Dance With Purpose Academy (DWP) have established themselves as one of the best producers of dance talent on the African continent. One of their most exciting prospects emerging on the scene is Endurancegrand.

Born Endurance Dzigbordi Dedzo, the dancing queen who has been stepping gracefully to the rhythm since she was 7-years old has already performed on some of the biggest stages in the country including the VGMA, TV3, Coca Cola, Ghana Football Awards, Ghana’s Most Beautiful and most recently, The Global Citizen Festival: Accra as part of the DWP Academy collective during Usher’s show-stopping performance. To top that impressive feat, she has also worked with brands like AirtelTigo and Dark & Lovely.

Endurancegrand’s interest in dance was piqued by her brother-in-law, Joshua Rana, back when she was just a kid who loved playing football, video games and singing; and she has never looked back since. For her, dancing has never been just a job or a simple means to an end, dancing has always been the “end” itself, her north star. “I faced neglect, doubt and lost some people very close to me because I chose dance as a career but that did not stop me because I always knew what I wanted. To me, dancing is just as important as the air I breathe or the water I drink. Dancing is my life! When I step on the stage, nothing else makes sense. Only my body and the rhythms and energy it releases”, Endurance describing what dancing means to her.

The Capricorn dancer’s biggest dream is to be able to touch lives globally, travel around the world to share her knowledge to the young and old and show women around the world that they can be whatever they choose to be.

Dance with Endurancegrand on her socials and keep up with what will be a very majestic career. Instagram: endurancegrand | TikTok: endurancegrand | Twitter: EnduranceGrand

Instagram: endurancegrand
Twitter: @EnduranceGrand
TikTok: endurancegrand 
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People & Lifestyle

Understanding probable cause



Probable Cause vs Reasonable Suspicion DWI in

Probable cause refers to a legal basis that gives the police officer a chance to arrest a person, seize property, or conduct a search. This originates from the United States constitution Fourth Amendment. So what is probable cause? (more…)

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Global publisher to release first graphic novels from South Africa’s award-winning Triggerfish Animation Studios




North American independent book publisher Catalyst Press will publish two graphic novels from Cape Town’s world-renowned animation studio next year, its first venture into the literary sphere. (more…)

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People & Lifestyle

Global ed-tech leader releases Moodle Workplace 4.0 and a new user experience in its enterprise LMS



MoodleWorkplace4.0 BlogImage

Today, Moodle announced the release of Moodle Workplace 4.0 and an improved user experience in its customisable enterprise learning management platform.

Emilio Lozano, Head of Workplace Solutions said, “Moodle Workplace is built on top of Moodle LMS, giving Moodle Workplace unique advantages as a platform to develop, upskill and reskill employees.  In this release, we have benefited from the discovery and consultation process with the Moodle community that informed the improvements in Moodle LMS 4.0.  As well as providing a better user experience, we have used the enhancements to further evolve our workplace learning tools, including rigorous testing with our end-users.  In an increasingly competitive environment where learning and development is a key driver of performance and talent retention, I’m very excited about the benefits this release will provide to the L&D sector.”

The new Moodle Workplace 4.0 interface is fresh and intuitive with tabbed navigation.

Learning is prioritised through a personalised Dashboard


The Dashboard in Moodle Workplace 4.0 is simplified to display learners’ current enrolments plus a section for new available courses.  Learners can see completion status at a glance, and when a learner completes a course, further courses unlocked as part of a learning path or program will appear in the “New available courses” section.

Easily navigate learning content with My Courses

There’s a new addition to the menu called “My Courses”. My Courses is a stand-alone dedicated page that summarises all the learning assigned to an employee in a learning hub, including enrolled, available or past courses.

Managers can create learning journeys for their staff by combining different courses into learning programs and learning paths. All programs, courses and course subsets are linked so that managers and employees can easily navigate within and between learning programs and courses.

Manage team performance and development


In Moodle Workplace 4.0, a new page called “My Teams” provides managers or department leads visibility into team members, including tracking employee roles, learning path progress, course completion status and certifications. Managers can generate individual or team reports obtaining insight into individual or team performance and learning program effectiveness.

Automate onboarding and streamline compliance training


The user experience improvements in Moodle Workplace 4.0 make it easier for managers to create tailored training pathways and onboard employees by automatically assigning learning and granting competencies to individuals or teams based on tailored or dynamic rules.


With automation, managers can turn learning programs into certifications to streamline compliance training or meet legislation requirements.  Managers can also schedule a ‘recertification’ which can be the same Program or a different one.


Improve program efficiency by centrally managing multiple learning platforms within a single LMS site

Through multi-tenancy, Moodle Workplace 4.0 makes it straightforward for administrators and managers to support different learning audiences by creating an ecosystem of individual learning environments in a single LMS site. Each tenant can have its own look and feel, user membership, administrators, and content, and Moodle Workplace also supports content sharing across tenants.

Evaluate the impact of learning and make informed decisions

In Moodle Workplace 4.0, report builder now allows managers to build custom reports for audiences in a drag-and-drop interface with instant preview. Data insights help managers adapt and improve learning programs to drive better employee performance.

Build a seamless learning ecosystem with single sign-on and integrations

Moodle Workplace 4.0 integrates seamlessly with a wide variety of software, including HR systems and content repositories, so that L&D departments can build an ecosystem that supports their organisation.

The streamlined sign-in accommodates Single Sign-On with support a wide range of standard single sign-on providers (Google, Microsoft, Facebook) and also custom authentication plugins.

Boost employee engagement with rich and engaging learning experiences

Moodle Workplace 4.0 goes beyond the basic content features of most enterprise learning management systems. Courses are rich with activities requiring learners to actively engage with the learning content and each other in various modalities. New enhancements include BigBlueButton, the web conferencing and virtual classroom, and Appointment Booking, which allows managers to schedule group sessions or 1:1 meetings.

Contribution to open source Moodle LMS


The enhanced tools and features created for workplace learning in Moodle Workplace directly benefit the Moodle community and Moodle LMS as open source code and features.  This relationship contributes to Moodle’s sustainability and allows us to continue on our journey to enable quality education in all corners of the globe, and our mission to empower educators to improve our world.

Find out more about Moodle Workplace 4.0 or please contact us.

Watch the Moodle Workplace 4.0 video.

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People & Lifestyle

Bush & Co Lauded the Best Expert Witness and Case Management in the Uk



Bush & Co

Facing a terminal injury, either from personal injury or clinical negligence, can be overwhelming for a family and casualty. When it arises from clinical negligence, it creates even more bitterness realizing that the casualty is in pain from someone’s incompetence. (more…)

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