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The best ways to get rid of a dry cough



The best ways to get rid of a dry cough

The best ways to get rid of a dry cough
The best ways to get rid of a dry cough

Throat problems are one of the most common issues that occur to people. The causes of such concerns are not limited to weather changes but also extend to viral infections, temperature variations, pollutions, humidity, sexually transmitted infections, strep bacterial infections, allergies, leaking of stomach acids back up into the esophagus (which is also referred to as GERD), etc.  These infections and allergies lead to various consequences which include sorethroat, stuffy nose and cough.

Talking of cough, it is classified intotwo categories- productivecough and non-productive cough.

A productive cough is a condition where mucus or phlegm is produced, and clears up the lung.

A non-productive cough is also termed as a dry cough and in this case no mucus or phlegm is produced. It is irritating in nature and tickly throat is one of the symptoms of the condition. The condition usually occurs due to viral infections which include flu and cold. Allergies and throat irritants are also few causes lead to drycough.

It may sound harmless but when it occurs can interfere with the usual routine of the person resulting in the declineof productivity. However, preventions and treatment methods also come handy for such ailment.

Ways to prevent and cure drycough is mentioned below in the listicle form:

Dextromethorphan:This is a category of medicines or cough syrup that is used to suppress drycough. It is also termed as antitussives.

It is an over the counter cold and cough medicines and is available in various forms including tablet, syrup, spray and lozenge forms. The medicine belongs to the class of morphinan which carries dissociative, sedative and stimulant property.

This category of medicine provides relief from coughdue to bronchial irritations and minor throat infections which usually occur with cold.

It is advisable not to use this cough syrup in case of coughdue to smoking or long-term breathing problems which include emphysema and chronic bronchitis.

Some of the recommended cough syrups recommended for drycough are Grilinctus, Benadryl, and Robitussin.

Decongestants: Decongestants are available as over the counter medicine and it containpseudoephedrine as its main ingredient. This method helps in drycough and clear nasal passages.

 However, it is found to be effective only for atemporarybasis and may show some “rebound” effect. This implies worse congestion and more mucus. It can also increase heart rate and blood pressure.

The medication is not suggested for people who have history or present condition of high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, prostateproblems, and thyroids problems.

Presence of phenylpropanolamine increases the risk of stroke, hence, it is suggested to avoid the use or say excessiveuse of the same.

Afrin (oxymetazoline) lies in the category of Decongestants.

Home remedies: There are some very common home remedies passed to us from previous generations. These remedies are not just effective in the treatmentof such dry cough but also avoid the occurrence at the first place.

Here is a listof some of the home remedies mentioned:

(a) Honey:It is considered as one of the most helpful remediesin relief of drycough. The procedure to use honey includes mixing of 2 tablespoonsof honey with warm water or herbal tea.

The relief provided by honey was found to be most effective followed by dextromethorphan.

(b) Ginger: It carries anti-inflammatory property and thus is found to be helpful in relieving asthmatic or drycough. It relaxes the membrane in airways.

Few slices of ginger should be brewed up in water and drops of honey or lemon juice should be added to enhance the taste. The tea should be allowed to be in the lukewarmstate before consumption.

(c) Avoid food which causes acid reflux: Acid reflux is found to be one of the prominent causes of cough. Hence, it is advisable to avoid food which is responsible for acid reflux.

Some of the food that causes acid reflux include the following:

  • Mint
  • Chocolate
  • Garlic
  • Fried food items
  • Citrus containing fruits

Some other methods include consumption of antibiotics, antacids and medicines to treat viral infections. However, such medicine should be consumed after consulting a doctor. As consuming antibiotic in case of a viral infection can worsen the condition or consumption of the wrongkind of antibiotic may result in drug-resistantbacteria.

Also, these medicines are used for temporary relief and if the condition persists for a prolongedperiod then a doctor should be consulted. The cause of the condition should be diagnosed as drycough can be a symptom of some severe diseases such as throat cancer or asthma.