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Understanding the Basics of Cryptocurrency: A Beginner’s Guide



Cryptocurrency challenges the traditional banking system by operating independently of any centralized authority. By utilizing cryptographic technology to secure data and a blockchain network to carry out transactions, cryptocurrency allows users to purchase goods and services with digital currency or earn profits through trading on specialized exchanges. Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Litecoin are some of the more popular digital coins used today for these purposes.

In this article, we will talk about the main things to know about cryptocurrencies for beginners and tell you the best way how to buy cryptocurrency.

What is Cryptocurrency: Main Points in Its History

Cryptocurrency’s roots can be traced back to the dawn of the 21st century, with cryptography masters investigating digital currencies. Then in 2009, Bitcoin was born – crafted by a mysterious figure or team under the alias Satoshi Nakamoto.

Bitcoin was designed to enable individuals to exchange money with security and privacy, circumventing the need for an intermediary like a bank. At its core lies blockchain technology – a distributed ledger that securely logs all Bitcoin transactions in an unalterable way. Its transparency makes it invaluable as users can trust their information is secure without relying on any centralized authority.


After Bitcoin’s introduction, a plethora of other cryptos quickly followed suit – Litecoin, Ripple, and Ethereum to name some. All possess individual attributes and applications that set them apart from one another.

As cryptos experienced a surge of support, they were also met with increased security and regulatory issues. Governments had to quickly figure out how to regulate and tax these digital assets while hackers sought any opportunity to exploit the vulnerabilities in cryptocurrency exchanges and wallets.

Even with the obstacles, crypto has still prospered and been refined over time. At present, digital currencies are used for various purposes which include making online buys, international money transfers, and even as a form of speculation. Furthermore, a blockchain technology that supports crypto is also being utilized outside of finance like in supply chain operations and voting systems. Now that we got cryptocurrency explained for beginners, let’s switch to its types.

Types of Cryptocurrency

The cryptocurrency market is a maze of different coins, but they can be generally divided into several distinct types:

  • Bitcoin and Bitcoin-like cryptos. These are the ones that started it all – all based on the Bitcoin protocol. Litecoin, Bitcoin Cash, and Bitcoin SV are some of the most prominent names in this category.
  • Smart contract platforms. Cryptos like Ethereum, Cardano, and Binance Smart Chain enables developers to construct dApps on their blockchain architecture. These dApps are revolutionizing the way we interact with finances.
  • Stablecoins. Cryptos such as Tether, USD Coin, and Dai have been created to maintain a steady worth, typically linked to the price of an established currency like the US dollar.
  • Privacy coins. Assets such as Monero, Zcash, and Dash offer exceptional privacy and anonymity to users who are seeking secure transactions.
  • Utility tokens. These revolutionary cryptos are intended for specific platforms and ecosystems, such as Basic Attention Token, Chainlink, and Uniswap.
  • Security tokens. Assets secured by tangible assets, like stocks, real estate holdings, and commodities are subject to securities rules. Such cryptos typically serve as a vehicle for crowdfunding initiatives.

Familiarizing yourself with the characteristics of each individual cryptocurrency is critically important before investing or utilizing them. Different cryptocurrencies have unique features and uses, some even fitting multiple categories at once. Comprehending these distinctions between types of cryptocurrencies will only benefit you as an investor or user in the long run. Now that we got the types of crypto for dummies explained, let’s talk about the advantages and risks of crypto assets.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Cryptocurrency

Advantages of сrypto:

  1. Decentralization. With their decentralized nature, cryptos are not subject to any government or financial institution’s control. This allows them to be more protected and less vulnerable to censorship.
  2. Security. Cryptos use sophisticated cryptography to guarantee secure transactions and protect against fraud. Blockchain technology further ensures that all dealings are documented immutably and with transparency, ensuring safety for users.
  3. Anonymity. By leveraging the power of certain cryptos, users can now perform transactions that preserve their anonymity, shielding them from potential identity theft and preserving their privacy.
  4. Lower transaction fees. Crypto payments have a distinct advantage over traditional forms of finance – much lower fees, particularly for international transactions.
  5. Accessibility. Cryptos are available to anyone in the world with an internet connection, no matter their location or monetary situation.


  1. Volatility. Cryptos are notorious for their wild price swings, making them an exceptionally risky investment. Their volatility can cause prices to fluctuate rapidly and unpredictably, leaving investors with no reliable way of predicting the future value of their assets.
  2. Lack of regulation. Owing to their lack of regulation, cryptos can leave users vulnerable to unscrupulous activities and deceptive schemes.
  3. Limited acceptance. Despite the increasing acceptance of cryptocurrencies, they have not yet become a prevalent form of payment.
  4. Irreversibility. Once a crypto transaction is made, it cannot be undone. This finality holds potential both for good and bad; while you can’t request a refund or reversal of funds once they are sent, you also don’t have to worry about chargebacks from fraudulent activities.
  5. Energy consumption. Crypto mining operations are power-hungry, resulting in dire environmental consequences.

Ultimately, potential investors and users need to weigh the pros and cons of cryptocurrencies before taking the plunge. Cryptocurrencies come with their fair share of advantages but also pose several significant risks and limitations that should be taken into account.

Now let’s see how cryptocurrency works for beginners.

Here we will go through a straightforward description of how to trade cryptocurrency for beginners, using the WBT to USDT pair as an example:

  • WBT and USDT are both cryptocurrencies. The WhiteBIT Exchange’s native currency, WBT, and USDT – a stablecoin pegged to the value of the US dollar – are two separate digital assets.
  • If User A desires to purchase 10 WBT tokens with USDT, they must first deposit the necessary funds into their WhiteBIT account.
  • Once User A has USDT in their wallet, they will be able to initiate a buy order on the WhiteBIT exchange for WBT/USDT. This purchase offer states that they are willing to buy WBT at an assigned rate determined by USDT.
  • If a seller agrees to sell their WBT tokens at the price requested by User A, the trade will be executed automatically. The WBT tokens will transfer from the seller’s account to User A’s account while an identical amount of USDT will swap over from User A’s wallet and into that of the vendor.
  • User A now has the privilege of storing their WBT tokens on WhiteBIT, or withdrawing them to an external wallet for added security.

Trading cryptocurrencies for beginners is made simple with this basic explanation, using the example of a WBT/USDT trading pair on WhiteBIT Exchange. Note that there are further aspects to consider when making trades such as market instability and liquidity: novices must explore these topics and comprehend the hazards before investing.

Conclusion: Are Cryptocurrencies a Good Investment?

Before investing in cryptos, it is essential to bear in mind that there are inherent risks due to market volatility and lack of regulation. It is wise for investors to conduct their own research before opting into this avenue so they can properly assess the potential benefits and dangers involved. Whether or not cryptos present a good investment opportunity depends on individual financial goals, risk tolerance levels, as well as personal convictions about digital coins. To learn more about crypto, welcome to the WhiteBIT blog. It is an invaluable resource for traders and enthusiasts alike, offering the latest news and market analysis in cryptocurrency, blockchain tech, and trading. Its detailed guides cover everything from technical analysis to risk management strategies while also exploring beyond-the-blockchain use cases of this game-changing technology.


With WhiteBIT’s expansive wealth of knowledge at your fingertips, you’ll be better equipped to make informed decisions about your investments. Moreover, users can acquire insight and resources to assist with safeguarding their crypto assets, including advice for creating secure passwords and knowledge about usual scams. Additionally, the WhiteBIT blog offers updates on novel features and advancements of the WhiteBIT platform as well as news regarding newly listed cryptos or trading pairs. When it comes to crypto and blockchain technology, WhiteBIT’s blog is an essential resource for visitors. It furnishes a vast range of information as well as insights that can assist users in making sound decisions with regard to their investments and trading plans.