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Recurring separatist agitations: should conflict-torn African countries renegotiate their nationhood?

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Agitations for self-determination have become commonplace in Africa, with recurring devastating effects largely responsible for its current social and economic retardation. They have fragmented many nations and divided others along religious and ethnic lines. Indigenous and foreign political scientists and observers have attempted to pinpoint the roots cause of these crises. The underlying causes are believed to include poor political structures, social and political inequalities, and colonial powers’ forceful amalgamation of regions with different ideologies and belief systems.

The imposed merger denied the indigenous peoples the opportunity to choose if they were ready to coexist. Therefore, since the start of their nationhood, many African countries have existed amidst mutual distrust and rancour.This has led to devastating unrest and bloody division in countries like Ethiopia and Sudan, from which Eretria and South Sudan emerged. There are several yet undivided ones that have also had their share of civil wars between some regions and their central governments.

Nigeria, for instance, has grappled with ethnoreligious unrest since its amalgamation in 1914. The mutual resentment would later degenerate into a full-blown civil war six years after independence between the separatist Biafra Army led by Col. Odumegwu Ojukwu and the federal military government from 1960 to 1967. Around 500,000 to 2 million Igbo civilians died from starvation. Though the country has managed to stay as one since the war, the perceived ethic marginalization and other widespread factors responsible for the conflict remain unaddressed. Over five decades after the war, the country still experiences separatist agitations from the same Biafra people and many other indigenous people, especially from the south.

In Cameroon, the Ambazonia people of the anglophone southern region have been at the loggerhead with the central government controlled by the Francophone region for the past four years. Began like a low-scale insurgency, the warspread into most parts of the southern regions within a year and resulted in thousands of deaths. Before gaining independence from Ethiopia in 1993, the Eretria region fought the central government for years, resulting in thousands of deaths. Even after their separation, the two countries renewed their enmity, which degenerated during the border control conflict between 1998 and 2000, leaving gravy impacts on both sides. Similarly, the southern Sudanese engaged the then Sudanese government in an almost two-decade civil war. Before gaining independence, around 2 million people were killed, and at least one out of every five southern Sudanese were believed to make up the causalities.

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The conflict between the Tigray rebels and the Ethiopian Army has been ranging for over a year, with 10,000 deaths and more than 230 massacres. In what started as a power tussle between a regional government and central authority, the crisis has plunged the country into its worst famine in decades and is gradually tilting towards another self-determination fight in a country that just lost one of its former regions less than two decades ago.

These cases and many similar others show that separatist agitations are more of an ideological struggle and cannot be effectively settled with military guns and barrels. Unfortunately, most African leaders have shown to only understand a forceful approach and are less concerned about resultant recurring bloodletting and economic losses from the wars. For the past six years of its administration, President Buhari of Nigeria has been fighting renewed and emerging separatist movements emanating from the Biafra people of the southeast, Odua nationalists of the southwest, and other regions in the country. Despite the government’s use of forceful arrests, imprisonments, and intimidations, the movements persist and have led to an overstretched military force. Similarly, the Paul Biya-led government of Cameroon has failed to end the Ambazonia War despite years of military repel.

Given the recurring nature of these crises, many analysts have suggested peaceful resolutions such as referendum and restructuring, which will give the agitating regions the first-ever chance to decide their nationhood. But checks by Immigration Advice Service show that some African countries do not make provision for such in their constitutions. The Nigerian constitution, for example, has undergone series of amendments since 1999, but in each of these amendments, there has always been a “dubious omission” of a referendum. This begs the question: who is afraid of the peaceful dissolution of these conflict-torn African countries? The answer may not be farfetched given the political structures in most African countries.

There are individuals and groups who benefitted from the long-existing rot in the system and would rather have the status quo remain. Major actors are politicians who have weaponised poverty, illiteracy, and religious indoctrination to keep the masses under their feet. There are poor African countries with some of the most expensive costs of governance in the world. Despite their outrageous salaries and allowances, these politicians still exploit the weak system to loot the treasury with reckless abandon, leaving their citizens even more devastated with hyperinflation, high unemployment rate, and other economic crises.

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Similarly, some regions benefit at the expense of others and, as such, would always resist a breakup or restructuring of their countries. In Cameroon, the francophone region has ruled the country since its unification with the anglophone region in the 1960s. The incumbent, Paul Biya, has been ruling for the past 38 years after a peaceful transfer of power by his predecessor, Ahmadou Ahidjo. Apart from his sit-tightism, most of Biya’s policies have been found to be unfavourable to the British anglophone part of the country, leading to the current unrest. In the same vein, the underlying cause of the ongoing Tigray crisis is rooted in regional governance crises. In Nigeria, the revenue-buoyant southern region was believed to have been merged with the revenue-challenged north, so the former could subsidize the latter. And to date, northern Nigeria still benefits immensely from the oil revenue and VAT collection from the south due to the existing sharing formula that is more favourable to the former.

It is, therefore, not surprising to see those forces fighting to keep the countries together with coercion despite cyclical armed conflicts. At the same time, the agitators have proven to be resilient in achieving their mandate even in the face of fierce intimidation. It can then be deduced that leaders of such countries are only postponing the doomsday as their adamant non-negotiability stance puts their nations on a keg of gun powder waiting to explode.

Considering the conflict trend on African soil in the past few years, it is a no-brainer that the continent has had enough bloodshed and socioeconomic retardation for its leaders to re-strategize their approach to governance. It is high time they demonstrated selfless leadership and perhaps flexibility in their views. The law books should be reviewed and amended to reflect equitable resource control and political representation, and most importantly, rights to self-determination. With these in place, countries can coexist or separate peacefully if and when needed withoutbloodletting, displacement, starvation, and untold humanitarian crises.

Olusegun Akinfenwa writes for London Immigration Lawyer – a UK based law firm that offers immigration services globally, including the Republic of Ireland citizenship and immigration process.

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Ada Senior High Tech Students Receive 600 Math Sets from UK-Based Philanthropist Stacey Rosa

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In a commendable act of generosity and commitment to education, Stacey Rosa, a renowned Ghanaian philanthropist based in the UK, has donated over 600 math sets to the students of Ada Senior High Technical School. This significant contribution is aimed at enhancing the learning experience and academic performance of the students, particularly in mathematics. (more…)

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Comprehensive Guide to Weed Delivery and Dispensaries in Stamford, Connecticut

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5 World's Most Expensive Weed of 2023

Cannabis enthusiasts in Stamford, Connecticut, have a variety of options when it comes to purchasing their favorite products. With the rise of dispensaries and weed delivery services, obtaining recreational cannabis has never been easier. This guide will cover everything you need to know about Stamford dispensaries and weed delivery in CT, including the best options, delivery services, and tips for a seamless experience.

Stamford Dispensaries: Where to Buy Recreational Cannabis

Stamford dispensaries offer a range of high-quality cannabis products for recreational use. Here are some of the top dispensaries in the area:

1. Compassionate Care Center of Connecticut

Located in nearby Bethel, this dispensary offers a wide range of cannabis products, including flowers, edibles, tinctures, and topicals. Known for their knowledgeable staff and welcoming environment, Compassionate Care Center is a top choice for many Stamford residents seeking recreational cannabis.

2. Fine Fettle Dispensary

Fine Fettle has locations throughout Connecticut, including one in Stamford. They offer an extensive selection of high-quality cannabis products and emphasize customer education, ensuring that both new and experienced users find the right products for their needs.

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3. Curaleaf

Curaleaf, a well-known name in the cannabis industry, has a Stamford dispensary recreational customers love. They provide a wide variety of products, from premium flower strains to edibles and concentrates. Curaleaf is praised for its exceptional customer service and product knowledge.

Weed Delivery in Connecticut: Convenient and Discreet

For those who prefer the convenience of having cannabis delivered to their door, several weed delivery services in CT operate in Stamford and the broader Connecticut area. Here’s how to make the most of cannabis delivery in CT:

1. Pelicandelivers

Pelicandelivers is a popular choice for weed delivery in CT. They offer a user-friendly online platform where customers can browse a wide range of products, place orders, and schedule deliveries. With a focus on timely and discreet service, Pelicandelivers is a trusted name in the industry.

2. Weedmaps

Weedmaps not only helps users locate nearby dispensaries but also offers delivery services in many areas, including Stamford. By using the Weedmaps app or website, customers can easily find available products, read reviews, and arrange for delivery.

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3. Eaze

Eaze is another reliable delivery service that caters to the Stamford area. Known for their fast and efficient delivery times, Eaze ensures that customers receive their orders promptly and discreetly.

Tips for a Smooth Cannabis Delivery Experience

To ensure a positive experience when using weed delivery services in CT, follow these tips:

1. Check Delivery Zones

Before placing an order, verify that the delivery service operates in your area. Some services may have specific delivery zones or minimum order requirements.

2. Browse and Compare

Take the time to browse different delivery platforms and compare product selections, prices, and delivery fees. This can help you find the best deals and ensure you get the products you want.

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3. Read Reviews

Customer reviews can provide valuable insights into the quality of products and the reliability of the delivery service. Look for reviews on the delivery platform or third-party sites to make an informed decision.

4. Prepare for Delivery

Ensure that you are available to receive your delivery at the scheduled time. Some services may require ID verification to confirm age and identity, so have your ID ready.

5. Tipping

As mentioned earlier, tipping your delivery driver is a great way to show appreciation for their service. Consider tipping 10-20% of your order total, or a minimum of $3-5 for smaller orders.

Legal Considerations for Cannabis in Connecticut

Before purchasing or ordering cannabis in Stamford, it’s important to understand the legal landscape:

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  • Age Restrictions: You must be 21 years or older to purchase recreational cannabis in Connecticut.
  • Purchase Limits: Adults can purchase up to 1.5 ounces of cannabis flower or equivalent products.
  • Consumption: Cannabis consumption is allowed in private residences but is prohibited in public places.

By staying informed about local laws and regulations, you can enjoy cannabis responsibly and legally.

Conclusion

Stamford, Connecticut, offers a variety of options for recreational cannabis enthusiasts, from well-regarded Stamford dispensaries to convenient weed delivery services in CT. Whether you prefer to visit a local dispensary or have your products delivered, understanding your options and following best practices can enhance your cannabis experience. Happy shopping and enjoy responsibly!



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Tim Swain Launches Black Star 400: A Visionary Initiative To Transform Ghana

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Activist, educator, and content creator Tim Swain proudly announces the launch of Black Star 400, a four hundred kilometre run from Salaga Market to Cape Coast set to take place December 16, 2024. The run aims to provide resources that will support the transformation of Ghanaian and Diasporan youth. 

Backed by Anidaso 360, a non-profit organisation that offers cultural immersion programs to empower marginalised communities to make a meaningful impact as global citizens, Swain’s Black Star 400 Run will raise awareness and funding to bring solutions to key goals. 

At the heart of Black Star 400 is a journey that transcends geographical boundaries, uniting people from diverse backgrounds under a common cause. The lead up to the run in December.

This visionary initiative combines advocacy, fundraising, and community engagement to tackle critical issues facing Ghana, focusing primarily on infrastructure development and youth leadership empowerment.

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Project Goals:

1. Fundraising for Boreholes: Drill 20 boreholes across Ghana by December 2025 to provide essential access to clean water.

   

2. Youth Empowerment Program: Bring 10 young Black men aged 18-23 to Ghana by July 2025 for an immersive business and cultural empowerment program, designed to develop future global leaders.

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3. Leadership Academy: Establish an Academy for Leadership for Ghanaian youth in (North of Ghana) 

Leading this initiative, Tim Swain brings his vast experience as a theologian and marathon runner, having completed numerous high-profile marathons such as the OneAmerica 500 Festival Mini-Marathon in Indianapolis and the Rock ‘n’ Roll series. 

His commitment to social impact and his ability to mobilise communities will be pivotal in driving the success of Black Star 400.

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“Black Star 400 is more than a run; it is a movement fueled by hope, determination, and a shared commitment to transformation,” said Tim Swain. “By rallying support and resources from both local communities and the Global African Diaspora, we can make a tangible difference in the lives of Ghanaians and the future leaders from the Black Diaspora.”

Black Star 400 invites individuals, organisations, and stakeholders worldwide to join in on the journey. The Black Star 400 project aims to fundraise for the next 8 months and will work to implement and achieve their projected goals by the end of 2025. 

Leading up to the run in December 2024, Tim Swain will do a monthly run to prepare and will invite communities from all around the Diaspora to run with him to raise awareness and support for the Black Star 400 goals.

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Hugely popular JAMBO WWE celebrates 100th Episode!

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SuperSport’s ground-breaking magazine show JAMBO WWE celebrates its 100th episode on Thursday, 20 June 2024. 

Launched on 28 July 2022, JAMBO WWE is an innovative weekly programme tailored to cater to the rapidly growing WWE fanbase in Africa. The 30-minute show airs every Thursday at 4pm and offers a unique, localized, and culturally relevant WWE experience. 

Since its launch, JAMBO WWE has seen a substantial increase in viewers. Its average linear viewership has increased by 40% compared to last year, according to internal analysis tools, making it a staple for WWE fans across Africa. The show is also one of the top-watched sports magazine programmes generating above-average viewership numbers. It’s not only in Africa that the show is making a stir – it’s also setting a new standard for WWE programming globally.

As the exclusive broadcast rights holder for WWE in Sub-Saharan Africa since 2017, through a direct partnership with WWE, SuperSport has established itself as the go-to platform for WWE RAW, WWE SmackDown, NXT, WWE WrestleMania, and all WWE Premium Live Events.

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SuperSport CEO Rendani Ramovha added: “We’re extremely proud to see JAMBO WWE reach the 100th episode milestone. WWE has allowed us to entertain many different audiences and to reach a younger audience, while crossing boarders well into the rest of Africa, where WWE has proven extremely popular. The show has deeply resonated with fans and fostered a vibrant WWE community across the continent.

 

SuperSport’s 24-hour WWE channel on DStv 128/GOtv 168 is where viewers will find JAMBO WWE, as well as archive content, documentaries and bespoke WWE content.

“We’ve seen viewership continue to rise on our entire WWE offering, especially during this year’s WWE WrestleMania 40, which performed exceptionally well this year compared to 2022 and 2023. The comeback of old stars and firm favourites such as The Rock, Cody Rhodes, and Roman Reigns, also contributed to the increased interest.”  

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JAMBO WWE’s diverse offering

JAMBO WWE distinguishes itself through its diverse and vibrant format.

African perspective: Hosts Lwazi Volsak, Rosa-Lena Mabunda Mondlane, Emelio Michaels, and Vasilis Argyrides offer insightful analysis and discussions from an African viewpoint.

Latest news and updates: In-depth coverage of RAW, SmackDown, NXT, and Premium Live Events, including exclusive interviews.

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Cultural celebration: The show incorporates bold, African-inspired graphics, vibrant music, and segments highlighting the intersection of WWE and African culture.

Community and SuperSport initiatives: The show featured a women-only produced episode, in alignment and support of SuperSport’s Here For Her campaign showcasing our people-driven efforts.

Fan interaction: A big feature of the show is its ability to actively engage with fans through social media and on-air segments, fostering a sense of community among the African WWE Universe.

Celebrity guests: People love special guests. Quite often, the show has managed to display an array of stars from different sports, showing its crossover appeal. This includes WWE Superstars Bianca Belair, The Miz, Bobby Lashley and Charlotte Flair, as well as South African sports icons like Lucas Radebe and Bryan Habana. The crossover appeal of JAMBO WWE is immense, as seen with appearances by Ringo Madlingozi and Grammy Award Winner, Zakes Bantwini.

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Widespread recognition 

JAMBO WWE has received positive coverage from various media outlets, including Fightful, which covered the launch of JAMBO WWE, highlighting its unique approach to WWE coverage in Africa and Wrestlinginc, another leading wrestling news source, amplifying its reach and impact. There’s also been considerable excitement and engagement across a variety of social media platforms, with the hashtag #SSWWE.

Catch JAMBO WWE and all the WWE action on DStv, GOtv. 

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The Power Of Creative Collisions. Why You Need More Chaos In Your Life

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We’re drowning in information, yet starved for real connection. We attend the same conferences, scroll through the same feeds, and mostly find ourselves trapped in echo chambers of our own design. But what if there was a space where those walls crumbled, disciplines collided, and the only expectation was a shared hunger for something more?

What if the real breakthroughs, the ones that matter, only emerge from the beautiful chaos of colliding perspectives, disciplines, and ideas?

That’s the bet Crowdpen is making with “Creative Chaos.” This isn’t your typical networking event. It’s a bi-monthly collision of entrepreneurs, artists, techies, and changemakers—all hungry to build a better future, together.

Here, entrepreneurs, artists, techies, and changemakers converge, not to pitch or impress, but to tap into the power of unlikely collaborations. Because the challenges we face today – from climate change to social inequality to the future of work – demand fresh perspectives and radical collaboration.

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There’s no set agenda, no pre-determined program, no designated speakers. Here, everyone is a speaker, everyone is a panelist, and every voice contributes to the collective brilliance.

No single industry, discipline, or individual holds all the answers. “Creative Chaos” recognizes this, providing a fertile ground for:

  • Spontaneous Brainstorming: Rapid-fire idea exchanges, interactive challenges, and playful exercises unlock new ways of thinking, pushing you beyond your usual creative limits.
  • Unlikely Collaborations: Forget networking within your bubble. Here, you’ll connect with people outside your usual circles, sparking unexpected partnerships and discovering that a tech founder, a filmmaker, and a social entrepreneur might just hold the key to your next breakthrough.
  • Actionable Inspiration: “Creative Chaos” is not about passive listening or predictable presentations. It’s about leaving with tangible takeaways, fresh perspectives, and the motivation to turn ideas into reality.

This is a call to action for anyone who feels stifled by the status quo, for those who crave a space where diverse minds come together to dream, to do, and to disrupt.

The most groundbreaking innovations often emerge not from solitary genius, but from the beautiful chaos of creative collisions.

Convinced to join us?

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Learn more and register here https://crowdpen.co/chaos or call 0546880898/ 0277667561 for more information

Date: Saturday 29th June, 2024

Time: 11am – 3pm

Venue: Jambo Spaces, Tse Addo

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Joselyn Dumas unveiled to elevate elegance with Caveman Watches

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Month after making NFL giant, Jeremiah Owusu as brand ambassador, leading Ghanaian made luxury watch brand, Caveman Watches, has announced celebrated actress, entrepreneur and media personality, Joselyn Dumas as brand Ambassador. (more…)

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