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Recurring separatist agitations: should conflict-torn African countries renegotiate their nationhood?

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Agitations for self-determination have become commonplace in Africa, with recurring devastating effects largely responsible for its current social and economic retardation. They have fragmented many nations and divided others along religious and ethnic lines. Indigenous and foreign political scientists and observers have attempted to pinpoint the roots cause of these crises. The underlying causes are believed to include poor political structures, social and political inequalities, and colonial powers’ forceful amalgamation of regions with different ideologies and belief systems.

The imposed merger denied the indigenous peoples the opportunity to choose if they were ready to coexist. Therefore, since the start of their nationhood, many African countries have existed amidst mutual distrust and rancour.This has led to devastating unrest and bloody division in countries like Ethiopia and Sudan, from which Eretria and South Sudan emerged. There are several yet undivided ones that have also had their share of civil wars between some regions and their central governments.

Nigeria, for instance, has grappled with ethnoreligious unrest since its amalgamation in 1914. The mutual resentment would later degenerate into a full-blown civil war six years after independence between the separatist Biafra Army led by Col. Odumegwu Ojukwu and the federal military government from 1960 to 1967. Around 500,000 to 2 million Igbo civilians died from starvation. Though the country has managed to stay as one since the war, the perceived ethic marginalization and other widespread factors responsible for the conflict remain unaddressed. Over five decades after the war, the country still experiences separatist agitations from the same Biafra people and many other indigenous people, especially from the south.

In Cameroon, the Ambazonia people of the anglophone southern region have been at the loggerhead with the central government controlled by the Francophone region for the past four years. Began like a low-scale insurgency, the warspread into most parts of the southern regions within a year and resulted in thousands of deaths. Before gaining independence from Ethiopia in 1993, the Eretria region fought the central government for years, resulting in thousands of deaths. Even after their separation, the two countries renewed their enmity, which degenerated during the border control conflict between 1998 and 2000, leaving gravy impacts on both sides. Similarly, the southern Sudanese engaged the then Sudanese government in an almost two-decade civil war. Before gaining independence, around 2 million people were killed, and at least one out of every five southern Sudanese were believed to make up the causalities.

The conflict between the Tigray rebels and the Ethiopian Army has been ranging for over a year, with 10,000 deaths and more than 230 massacres. In what started as a power tussle between a regional government and central authority, the crisis has plunged the country into its worst famine in decades and is gradually tilting towards another self-determination fight in a country that just lost one of its former regions less than two decades ago.

These cases and many similar others show that separatist agitations are more of an ideological struggle and cannot be effectively settled with military guns and barrels. Unfortunately, most African leaders have shown to only understand a forceful approach and are less concerned about resultant recurring bloodletting and economic losses from the wars. For the past six years of its administration, President Buhari of Nigeria has been fighting renewed and emerging separatist movements emanating from the Biafra people of the southeast, Odua nationalists of the southwest, and other regions in the country. Despite the government’s use of forceful arrests, imprisonments, and intimidations, the movements persist and have led to an overstretched military force. Similarly, the Paul Biya-led government of Cameroon has failed to end the Ambazonia War despite years of military repel.

Given the recurring nature of these crises, many analysts have suggested peaceful resolutions such as referendum and restructuring, which will give the agitating regions the first-ever chance to decide their nationhood. But checks by Immigration Advice Service show that some African countries do not make provision for such in their constitutions. The Nigerian constitution, for example, has undergone series of amendments since 1999, but in each of these amendments, there has always been a “dubious omission” of a referendum. This begs the question: who is afraid of the peaceful dissolution of these conflict-torn African countries? The answer may not be farfetched given the political structures in most African countries.

There are individuals and groups who benefitted from the long-existing rot in the system and would rather have the status quo remain. Major actors are politicians who have weaponised poverty, illiteracy, and religious indoctrination to keep the masses under their feet. There are poor African countries with some of the most expensive costs of governance in the world. Despite their outrageous salaries and allowances, these politicians still exploit the weak system to loot the treasury with reckless abandon, leaving their citizens even more devastated with hyperinflation, high unemployment rate, and other economic crises.

Similarly, some regions benefit at the expense of others and, as such, would always resist a breakup or restructuring of their countries. In Cameroon, the francophone region has ruled the country since its unification with the anglophone region in the 1960s. The incumbent, Paul Biya, has been ruling for the past 38 years after a peaceful transfer of power by his predecessor, Ahmadou Ahidjo. Apart from his sit-tightism, most of Biya’s policies have been found to be unfavourable to the British anglophone part of the country, leading to the current unrest. In the same vein, the underlying cause of the ongoing Tigray crisis is rooted in regional governance crises. In Nigeria, the revenue-buoyant southern region was believed to have been merged with the revenue-challenged north, so the former could subsidize the latter. And to date, northern Nigeria still benefits immensely from the oil revenue and VAT collection from the south due to the existing sharing formula that is more favourable to the former.

It is, therefore, not surprising to see those forces fighting to keep the countries together with coercion despite cyclical armed conflicts. At the same time, the agitators have proven to be resilient in achieving their mandate even in the face of fierce intimidation. It can then be deduced that leaders of such countries are only postponing the doomsday as their adamant non-negotiability stance puts their nations on a keg of gun powder waiting to explode.

Considering the conflict trend on African soil in the past few years, it is a no-brainer that the continent has had enough bloodshed and socioeconomic retardation for its leaders to re-strategize their approach to governance. It is high time they demonstrated selfless leadership and perhaps flexibility in their views. The law books should be reviewed and amended to reflect equitable resource control and political representation, and most importantly, rights to self-determination. With these in place, countries can coexist or separate peacefully if and when needed withoutbloodletting, displacement, starvation, and untold humanitarian crises.

Olusegun Akinfenwa writes for London Immigration Lawyer – a UK based law firm that offers immigration services globally, including the Republic of Ireland citizenship and immigration process.

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Kaicy Amo Darkwah the CEO of Lord Rayden Foundation ties the knot in Georgia

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Kaicy Amo Darkwah, a well renowned personnel, a diplomat and philanthropist, tied the knot with Victoria Olivia Jones.

Kaicy Amo Darkwah, who is the CEO of Lord Rayden Foundation, on Monday, October 18 married Victoria in a simple wedding ceremony held in  Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Victoria Olivia Jones is a native of Augusta, Georgia and a medical student in the University of Augusta. In addition, she’s also the head of security operations.

The marriage ceremony was quite unique due to Covid 19 restrictions; as only the couple were allowed into the ceremony.  Yet they stood out and confessed their love to each other, and promised to be each other’s joy and safe haven.

Kaicy Amo Darkwah is currently pursuing his masters degree in Information Communication Studies.

The Lord Rayden Foundation with the mission of providing needed support to families of bereaved security service personnel who lost their lives in the line of duty.

The foundation which was established in remembrance of late CPL Amo-Darkwah Evans aims to provide the necessary support be it medical, legal or financial to the bereaved family in the event of the passing of a security service personnel.

Through collaboration with non-profit and professional organizations, Lord Rayden Foundation promises to engage the services of legal practitioners, financial experts, tax specialists and health care specialists, to make sure that the bereaved can have easy access to these expertise support that would otherwise be difficult to access in such circumstances. .

These practical advice, support and training will enable beneficiaries of the foundation and their family to be able to deal with the challenges that comes with losing a loved one.

 

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Access to 100% Virgin Human Hair, not Synthetic Wigs for Your Personality Improvement

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Improve your personality and standards to have 100% virgin human hair instead of synthetic wigs. Most people remain in research to find 100% virgin human hair, not the wigs because pure human hairs survive and get growth. Synthetic wigs are not the proper solutions because it’s a type of time pass and not the genuine and authentic source to keep your personality all times same in from of others. There are numerous qualities and preferences levels in human virgin hairs that can be chosen according to the needs and priorities levels of the people. Male and females have the best chance to buy blue bob wigs to improve your personality.

Only experienced and well professional people can do these complex hair adjustment tasks on behalf of their practical field experienced and having useful inspirations to proceed through genuine resources. Do preferences to have a complete and authentic source to proceed through genuine resources. Nothing can be explored without having a lack of knowledge and skills because only experts can do the best jobs on behalf of their knowledge and skills.

Male and females customers mostly prefer to get 100% virgin human hair, not synthetic wigs because their looks are artificial. There are numerous professionals companies who are offering the same job but guarantee the hair and their adjustment properly according to the personality depend upon the knowledge and skills. Hair extension and hair transplants are two different scenarios and require proper knowledge to proceed according to the step-by-step processing. Make sure varieties of ideas and useful strategies can be chosen according to the interests and priorities levels of the people.

There are competent staff and hair transplant experts who always remain active to help the interested communities and to meet their objectives through genuine and reliable sources of action plans. Making sure the best and smart feature plans mean using the practical field knowledge and helping the people to proceed through genuine resources according to the interests and priorities levels of the male or female clients. Settlement of virgin human hair needs more concentration and deep acknowledgment about real transplants.

Human hair transplant provides great confidence ad interests levels to proceed with genuine resources and helps the people to approach from guaranteed and quick accessibility resources according to the needs and priorities levels of the interested communities. The process of human virgin hair transplants depends upon the situations and the requirements and then proceed according to the framework. Main hair transplants conduct almost everywhere in the world so always be careful from fraudulent activities before proceed or payment online.

The human hair transplant process is much simple and easy for interested communities who are serious about their concerns and have a specific time frame to proceed according to their priorities and interests levels. Make sure what length and size do you have according to your personality and find the best and perfect possible solutions to get the best and verified results to improve your physical appearances among your communities.

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Emirates launches exciting offer for families visiting Dubai during Expo 2020

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Emirates is pulling out all stops to make a vacation in Dubai during Expo 2020 a family affair. The airline has rolled out a special offer on children’s tickets to Dubai, in addition to a host of other added-value incentives to ensure a memorable experience in one of the world’s most-loved destinations for family escapades.

With this latest limited time offer, there has never been a better time to visit Dubai than now. In the promotion running until 6 November, families booking tickets to Dubai, will  pay only 25% of the adult fare for kids aged 2 to 11 years old, valid for the duration of Expo 2020. The special offer is applicable on all Business and Economy Class tickets to Dubai, for travel dates up until 31 March 2022. Visit offer page for more information.

With Dubai being the host city of the largest World Expo ever to be held, Emirates wants global citizens of all ages to experience the excitement of the largest-of-its-kind event in the region. As the Premier Partner and Official Airline of Expo 2020 Dubai, Emirates looks forward to bringing visitors to the event via its route network which connects over 120 destinations to Dubai.

Emirates reveals the top source markets for families with small children traveling to Dubai this winter, as the UK, France, Germany, Russia, Switzerland and Italy. Emirates has also revealed that more than half of the visitors planning a vacation in the coming months have visited Dubai before and intend to stay more than one week to explore what the city has to offer.

Special offers on children’s flight tickets are not all that its customers can look forward to enjoying, with both big and small guaranteed a complimentary Expo Day Pass for every Emirates ticket to Dubai during the event. If that’s not enough to make a family journey to Dubai one that makes perfect sense, additional perks and attractive offers await travellers to ensure a rewarding experience.

 

Members of the airline’s award-winning loyalty programme, Emirates Skywards, will earn Skywards Miles for flight tickets purchased. Emirates has also launched a special Expo offer where customers will earn 1 Skywards Mile for every 1 minute spent in Dubai until 31 March 2022. Existing and new Emirates Skywards members who sign up for the programme before 31 March 2022, can avail the offer on Emirates.com, and will earn up to 5,000 Miles. With the additional Miles earned during Expo, family members will be able to redeem to enjoy reward flight tickets and other rewarding benefits.

 

My Emirates Pass is back, enabling customers to enjoy exclusive deals at over 500 retail, dining, and recreational attractions across Dubai and the UAE, simply by presenting their board pass. Details of the offers can be found on www.emirates.com/myemiratespass.

 

Dubai remains one of the world’s most popular holiday destinations, especially during the winter season, and visitors can choose from an array of hotels to stay at, to suit all budgets, as well as exciting entertainment, dining and shopping options for all ages. From sun-soaked beaches and heritage activities to world class hospitality and leisure facilities, Dubai offers a variety of world-class experiences.

 

Expo 2020 Dubai’s programme is packed with experiences, exhibits and performances to appeal to the entire family, with a rich line-up of themed weeks, entertainment and edutainment, art, technology and dining options for all palates. Visitors can drop by the 192 national pavilions for a journey through cultures, or the various thematic and special pavilions to get a glimpse of the future and the innovations that are making a difference in tomorrow’s world.

 

Travelling with Emirates

Health and wellbeing: Keeping the health and wellbeing of its passengers as top priority, Emirates has introduced a comprehensive set of safety measures at every step of the customer journey. The airline has also recently introduced contactless technology and scaled up its digital verification capabilities to provide its customers even more opportunities to utilise the IATA Travel Pass this summer.

Travel assurance: Emirates continues to lead the industry with innovative products and services that address traveller needs during a dynamic time. The airline has taken its customer care initiatives further with even more generous and flexible booking policies, an extension of its multi-risk insurance cover, and helping loyal customers retain their miles and tier status.

Customers travelling to Dubai are encouraged to check the latest government travel restrictions in their country of origin and ensure they meet the travel requirements of their final destination. For more information on entry requirements for international visitors to Dubai visit: https://www.emirates.com/english/help/covid-19/dubai-travel-requirements/

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Qatar Airways celebrates a successful year of service to Accra

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Qatar Airways, the award-winning airline, has celebrated its first year of operations to Accra, marked by rapid growth and product enhancement. The first Qatar Airways flight flew into Kotoka International Airport on 29 September 2020, despite the challenges of the Covid-19 pandemic.

The airline started operations in Ghana with three flights a week, increasing to five flights a week from 22 August 2021. Currently, the airline operates five weekly Accra – Doha flights to over 140 destinations on the next generation Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner, with new Business Class design.

“Africa is one of Qatar Airways’ key growth regions in its global network, and Ghana is an important market in West Africa. Our frequency increase and operating the latest Boeing 787-9 aircraft on all flights between Accra and Doha, underpin our commitment to the market. It was a bold move to launch when we did, faced with the many challenges of the pandemic, but we were confident that the market would respond positively to our award-winning travel experience, and the first year has proved that,” said Hendrik Du Preez, Vice President, Africa, Qatar Airways.

Next generation Boeing 787-9: Passengers from Accra can enjoy  the state-of-the-art Boeing 787-9 aircraft, with 311 seats – 30 Business Class Suites and 281 seats in Economy Class. Arranged in a herringbone pattern, in a 1-2-1 configuration, each suite in Business Class has direct aisle access with a sliding door to ensure the ultimate in privacy and comfort. Passengers seated in adjoining centre suites can slide the privacy panels away at the touch of a button to create their very own enclosed private space.

The Business Class Suite, transforms into a 79” fully-flat bed, offering elevated levels of comfort on board; seats are  equipped with a dedicated phone holder with a wireless charging technology that is compatible with both iOS and Android devices.

In Economy Class, each seat is equipped with a 13-inch Panasonic IFE touch screen in addition to a personal electronic device holder for both mobile and iPad devices. The seat features a rotatable armrest that can be completely stowed away to the backrest, providing a more comfortable and spacious experience. Passengers will enjoy the full dining experience ‘Quisine’, offering an elevated Economy Class travel experience.

Qatar Airways travellers from Accra can now enjoy new baggage allowances ranging from 46 Kg for Economy Class split over two pieces and 64 Kg split over two pieces in Business Class. This initiative is designed to offer passengers more flexibility and comfort when travelling on board Qatar Airways. For more information please visit https://www.qatarairways.com/en-qa/baggage/allowance.html

A multiple award-winning airline, Qatar Airways was announced as the ‘Airline of the Year’ at the 2021 World Airline Awards, managed by the international air transport rating organisation, Skytrax. It was also named ‘World’s Best Business Class’, ‘World’s Best Business Class Airline Lounge’, ‘World’s Best Business Class Airline Seat’, ‘World’s Best Business Class Onboard Catering’ and ‘Best Airline in the Middle East’. The airline continues to stand alone at the top of the industry having now won the main prize for an unprecedented sixth time (2011, 2012, 2015, 2017, 2019 and now 2021). The airline’s hub, Hamad International Airport (HIA), was recently recognised as the ‘Best Airport in the World 2021’, by the Skytrax World Airport Awards 2021.

In addition to this, Qatar Airways has become the first global airline to achieve the prestigious 5-Star COVID-19 Airline Safety Rating by Skytrax.

This follows the success of Hamad International Airport (HIA) as the first airport in the Middle East and Asia to be awarded a Skytrax 5-Star COVID-19 Airport Safety Rating. These awards provide assurance to passengers across the world that the airline’s health and safety standards are subject to the highest possible standards of professional, independent scrutiny and assessment. For full details of all the measures that have been implemented on board and at HIA, please visit qatarairways.com/safety.

Accra Flight Schedule:

DaysFlight From ToDeparture Arrival
Mon, Wed, Fri, Sat & SunQR1424AccraDoha19:3006:10+1
Mon, Wed, Fri, Sat & SunQR1423DohaAccra02:2007:00
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New Reality TV Show, The Residence Afrika Premieres March 2022, Announces $500,000 Grand Prize

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Nigerian company, Africa Network Entertainment Limited (ANEL) has announced plans for the premiere of its much-awaited reality TV Show; The Residence Afrika. The first season of the Show tagged The Quest Edition will debut in March 2022 with 24 contestants from Anglophone countries in Africa competing for the grand prize of $500,000.

 

Chairman of Africa Network Entertainment Limited (ANEL) and Executive Producer of The Residence Afrika; Mr Kelechi Freeman Ukadike speaking to guests and pressmen at the launch party of the Reality TV Show in Lagos, Nigeria.

 

 

Chairman of ANEL and Executive Producer of The Residence Afrika; Mr Kelechi Freeman Ukadike made this known at the launch party of the reality TV Show held on Saturday in Lagos, Nigeria. He stated that,

 

“There is a possibility for the contestants to win more than $500,000 because they will all have the opportunity to showcase their knowledge, talents and business skills throughout the Show especially during brand tasks”.

 

L-R: Vice-Chairman and Director, The Residence Afrika; Jim Iyke, Chairman of Africa Network Entertainment Limited (ANEL) and Executive Producer of The Residence Afrika; Mr Kelechi Freeman Ukadike, Project Director, ANEL and The Residence Afrika; Melvin Oduah, Project Manager, The Residence Afrika; Mr Chuks Anyaduba and Business Man, Mr Fidelis Ofili on the red carpet at the launch party of the Reality TV Show in Lagos, Nigeria.

 

While presenting the vision of the Show to pressmen and special guests, the Project Manager of the Reality TV Show; Mr Chuks Anyaduba, said that the goal is to curb political upheavals and misunderstandings created by cultural diversity. This will be achieved by showcasing and harmonizing the value systems of different ethnic groups in Africa on the Show.

 

 

Also representing ANEL as a Vice-Chairman and Director of the Show, Popular Movie Producer; Jim Iyke said,

 

“After two years of planning and preparation, the Show’s first season will be aired in Africa and around the world including the United States and the United Kingdom.”

 

 

According to the group, preparations are being made to drive engagement and publicity via digital platforms globally. Organisers are also working on ensuring viewers can vote for their favourite contestants by purchasing credits via digital solutions like Paypal, Flutterwave and Bitcoin.”

 

 

Viewers will be able to watch the Show on The Residence Afrika app which will be available on Google Playstore and the App Store. They can also have direct conversations with the contestants and choose their Star contestant of the week, every week of the Show.

 

Auditions will be open to Africans irrespective of status, gender and background. All contestants will apply online through a transparent audition process. Visit https://theresidenceafrika.com/ for more information on the Show.

 

The Residence Afrika which will have 2 Mansions in an undisclosed location, is a much-anticipated reality TV Show for Africans aimed at empowering talents from the continent with more business opportunities.

 

 

Hosted by Cee Classic, the Launch Party had in attendance notable personalities, celebrities, comedians and tastemakers like Solomon Oyekunle, Uti Nwachukwu, Melvin Oduah, DJinee, Jay One, Wilma, Hero Daniels, Moses Inwang, and a host of others.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Guinness Ghana choosing me as a culture maker has been the biggest highlight of my dance career – Incredible Zigi

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Celebrated dance artist and choreographer Incredible Zigi, has expressed his gratitude to Guinness Ghana for the opportunity to champion its new campaign, ‘Black Shines Brightest’. (more…)

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