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Will Trade be the same after Covid-19?

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Ellen Ohene Afoakwa Regional Corporate Director West Africa Absa Bank

With the disruption of the global supply chain by Covid-19, there is concern as to where Africa’s future market and trading opportunities lie. Trade and export demands have dwindled for some companies and skyrocketed for other companies. For the first time in world history, the price of the West Texas Intermediate (WTF) Crude oil slammed into negative $37 per barrel in April, 2020.

 

The Covid-19 pandemic has taught all African economies the importance of self-reliance in healthcare, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, and PPE production. The AfCFTA could therefore not have come at a more opportune time as several African economies are beginning to look within and focus on local manufacturing and production of most essentials needs and exports.

 

As the government of Ghana stated in the objective response to COVID-19, we must inspire expansion of our domestic capability and deepen our self-reliance. We have seen this in our local manufacturing industries with our pharmaceuticals and distilleries collaborating to manufacture alcohol based sanitizers to meet the increasing demands.

 

How would COVID -19 affect export trade?

Export trade has been impacted through mass production shutdowns and supply chain disruptions. There is a huge supply chain challenge on the ability for businesses to ship and receive products on time due to logistic bottlenecks and limited workforce capacity. Countries that are net exporters of oil and gas will perhaps experience the biggest adverse impact. Other commodities such as coffee and copper prices will also plummet as a result of the impact of COVID-19 on export trade. The JP Morgan global Purchasing Managers’ Indices (PMIs) for March showed export orders in manufacturing sinking to 43.3 relative to a baseline value of 50, and new services in export business dropping to 35.5, suggesting a severe downturn.

 

Impact on the sub region

Across the region, COVID -19 has impacted businesses and sectors differently. The hospitality sector, due to border closures and reduction in international travel, tourism and entertainment have adversely been impacted, whilst technology services providers are seeing growth as people embrace the new normal, where organizations have employees working from home, students learning online, etc.

 

In addition, Covid-19 has disrupted global supply chain and this presents an opportunity for countries to look at rebalancing over-reliance on global suppliers in favor of more competitive regional and local manufacturers. This presents a huge opportunity for our local manufacturer. This is the time for local and regional manufacturers as well as exporters to collaborate to increase market share.

 

Financing Opportunities are available to Businesses

 

  1. Credit facilities for SMEs: There are both secured and unsecured loans available for the SME sector to access, and at Absa we offer unsecured loans of up to GHS 500,000 to SMEs among other credit solutions.
  2. Enterprise and supply chain development: Non-traditional bank lending solutions are provided to finance SMEs (who supply or distribute goods on behalf of a corporate organization) within Corporate’s value chain.
  3. Export Credit Agency (Backed Financing): ECAs are private or quasi-governmental institutions that acts as an intermediary between national governments and exportersto issue export insurance solutions and guarantees for financing.
  • This facility enables local manufacturers and exporters to purchase equipment needed for processing to add value to our raw materials for exports.
  • It also offers facilities with longer tenure and competitive interest rates.

For example, exporters within the small-scale industries can take advantage of the $300 million guarantees offered by EXIM US to source and procure machinery and equipment from the United States for their factories.

Some examples of ECAs are : Ghana EXIM Bank, United Kingdom Export Finance(UKEF), African Export-Import Bank (Afreximbank), and Export-Import Bank of the United States (Ex-Im Bank).

 

Taking advantage of such financing options help equip private-sector operators to add value to our raw materials through processing and thereby generating higher export value.

 

  1. Contingent liability solutions through Letters of Credit: This provides a higher level of security to exporters. Its inclusion in a contract of sale provides possible assurance to both parties (exporters & importers) and safeguards your business by determining;
  • Payment – A means of payment
  • Security – Independent  payment undertaking by the issuing bank
  • Credit function – Deferred payment terms

 

Opportunities for the Ghanaian business to meet the country and continent’s needs.

 

  • There is an opportunity for upscale and collaboration of our local industries to meet both local demand and that of the continent. Africa has the second-highest urbanization rate in the world and by 2050, 56% of its population will be urban (UNDP, 2017). Demand for food in urban areas, will reach $1 trillion and this is clear evidence of why local and regional manufacturers must scale up to meet the local demands as well as exports.

 

  • Investment opportunities exist in the Agro-processing industries to add value, reduce post-harvest losses, reduce our import bill, increase our exports and expand demand for local agricultural produce.

 

  • Developing arable land through irrigation is another key area. A report released by the African Development Bank Group (2017) noted that Africa has 65% of the world’s remaining uncultivated arable land. Ghana only has about 11 000 hectares irrigable land, with a potential to irrigate about 346 000 hectares (2010 Population and Housing Census Report/ Central Intelligence Agency – The World Factbook). This can boost our food crop harvest to meet both local and continental demands.

 

  • Distribution is another area of opportunity to meet the country and continent’s needs. Support services are in demand in Ghana, such as the supply and installation of cold chain equipment, packaging and factory building technology. In the distribution field, there are investment opportunities in providing post-production services needed in transport, packaging and cold vans.

 

Is there a silver lining in the Covid-19 crisis for Africa and AfCFTA?

There is a huge supply chain challenge. Logistic bottlenecks and limited workforce capacity that has affected the ability for businesses to ship and receive products on time. However as the old adage goes, “crisis is also an opportunity” and this is no exception. African countries can build more resilient and sustainable economies if they can do things right following the pandemic.

 

Covid-19 has disrupted global supply chain and this presents an opportunity for countries to look at rebalancing over-reliance on global suppliers in favor of more competitive regional and local manufacturers. There is a huge opportunity for our local and regional manufacturers to collaborate to increase market share.

 

How should Ghana and Africa navigate the waters now?

  • Significant attention must be given to the most sensitive part of our economy, that is, SME lending. According to the International Trade Centre and Association of Ghana, SMEs constitute about 85% of all businesses in Ghana; however, the pandemic has saddled the majority with several challenges that has affected operations and business growth. Support measures must be implemented to ease the burden businesses are going through and aid the smooth recovery of our ailing economies.

The Ghana Coronavirus Alleviation Programme put in place to support our SMEs in these challenging times is a good example. Algeria and Angola governments have put in place debt finance, employment support and business cost to alleviate SMEs adversely hit by the pandemic.

 

  • Efforts in the current crisis should also focus on assisting strategic multinational corporations and their suppliers to preserve the value chains. Some countries are also allowing companies in export-oriented industrial parks to supply locally, and facilitating multinational corporations’ expansion into new production lines as part of the country’s strategic re-orientation to in-demand products and services in light of COVID-19.

 

  • We also need to keep Africa’s supply chains and borders open for business. This means expediting shipments for relief and medical consignments, paperless pre-arrival processing and digital solutions to respect social distancing. Governments need to keep on-line trade information and help desks operational to help speedy response.

 

The Opportunity Africa offers

Africa is a continent beaming with enormous of growth opportunities. I will however focus on the huge potential for industrialization and infrastructure.

 

Huge Potential for industrialization

Processing presents an opportunity for value addition to rich raw materials as we process, package and add value. Some examples are:

  • Cotton for textiles and Apparels
  • Cocoa for Chocolates:  In confectioneries, Niche Cocoa Confectionary, is a bean-to-bar producer of refined chocolate, chocolate drinks, and spreads.
  • Cereals – Ghana and Africa abounds in maize , millet and other cereals
  • Breweries – Africa in particular has a low cost beer market due to the readily availability of starch crops such as Maize, Cassava, and Sorghum.

 

Apart from the above, developing export-based manufacturing in sub-Saharan Africa by increasing local production in areas such as PPEs, Sanitizers, Pharmaceuticals, Construction materials, chemical and machinery. Pharmaceuticals and protective equipment are imported largely from Europe and other COVID-19 affected countries. As global demand for these products sharply rises, the increase in prices can lead to reduced availability for Africa.  Despite the large medical aid promised by traditional donors and China, diagnostic material, personal protective equipment, and other medical equipment are in short supply. This evidently provides investment opportunities for the continent.

 

 

Infrastructure (Transport, Communication & Electricity)

  • Improving infrastructure increases the chances of growing exports.

Investments and improvements in infrastructure can significantly lower production and transaction costs, thereby increasing competitiveness and expanding market access.

 

  • An opportunity to develop Strategic facilities such as Trade harbors, financial hubs, and special economic zones create avenues to improve our infrastructure to make our nations more attractive to investors.

 

  • Develop Commute Channels such as cross-border railways, air routes, water routes, roads, etc. to ease trade and exports, as the cost of transport is often higher than the value of the goods being transported.

 

  • Infrastructure is a key determinant of attracting investment in export-based manufacturing. In Rwanda, the favorable business climate, along with relatively high-quality infrastructure and trade logistics services, suggests it has a promising platform to attract Foreign Direct Investment into export-based manufacturing. Countries that do not have these favorable infrastructure characteristics are likely to miss the next wave of Chinese investments into African manufacturing sector.

 

How do we salvage and keep AfCFTA on track amidst Covid-19 restrictions?

  • Negotiations towards the AfCFTA should continue via video conferencing platforms to enable our readiness once the pandemic is under full control. The AfCFTA should also be ready for countries and businesses to utilize for recovery in areas of trade, investment, manufacturing, jobs and growth.

 

  • Invest heavily in the continent’s telecommunication infrastructure. We need to leverage on technology to promote sensitization of AfCFTA initiatives and promote collaboration between relevant stakeholders. Ensuring internet availability and accessibility at affordable rates to the great majority of people of our people will help keep the vision on track. We also need to maintain active and multiple transactional channels to help facilitate trade activities amidst restriction.
    • Encourage cross border trade activities: enforce commitment from AfCFTA nations to allow goods and services to freely move across African countries while ensuring the highest standard of hygiene protocols.

 

  • Ease cost of Transacting: Collaboration amongst financial institutions, telecommunications companies and Fintechs to improve convenience and reduce cost of cross border transactions to promote trade as well as support the expansion in ecommerce channels.

 

  • Digitization: Movement restriction also offer an opportunity for the continent to move away from our traditional ways of trading and leveraging on innovative solutions to promote trade. We need to create and trade over digitalized commodities and stock exchange markets.

 

Conclusion

There is a great potential for exponential growth in export trade if we take the right steps. COVID-19 provides an opportunity for us to take more concrete steps towards realizing the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) by:

  • Focusing on increasing local production capacity,
  • Investing in new technological developments in our agricultural and production process and
  • Harmonizing our trade-related regulations, customs controls, and reducing both tariff and non-tariff barriers.

 

We should be able to boost Intra-Africa trade from the 18% of total exports, (as at 2018) to meet and even exceed that of our European and Asian counterparts whose Intra-continental trade are well above 50%.

Africa has what it takes to overcome the challenges Covid-19 has brought and redefine export trade as we leverage on our wealth of human and natural resources for expansion.

By Ellen Ohene-Afoakwa, Regional Corporate Director – West Africa, Absa Bank

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People & Lifestyle

Why Crypto Dice Games are So Addicting

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Crypto dice games are so addicting because they offer players the chance to earn real money while playing. These games are based on a simple premise – roll the dice and try to get as close to a specific number as possible. The closer you get, the more money you win. This makes for an exciting and suspenseful gaming experience that keeps players coming back for more.

How to Play Crypto Dice Games

Crypto dice game is a popular way to gamble with cryptocurrency. They are simple to play and can be very lucrative. In order to play, you first need to buy some dice tokens. These can be bought on many different exchanges. Once you have tokens, you can then choose a game to play. There are many different types of games available, but the basic premise is always the same: you roll the dice and hope for a high number. If your number matches the number that has been set by the house, you win!

What to Look for When Choosing a Crypto Dice Game

Eos dice games are becoming increasingly popular, as people search for new and innovative ways to invest their cryptocurrencies. When looking for a crypto dice game to invest in, there are a few things you should keep in mind.

The first thing to look for is trustworthiness. Make sure that you are dealing with a reputable company that has a good track record. The second thing to look for is ease of use. Make sure that the game is easy to understand and navigate. The third thing to look for is fairness. Make sure that the game is fair and that the odds are not stacked against you.

Finally, be sure to do your research before investing any money in a crypto dice game. Read reviews and investigate the company behind the game. By following these tips, you can be sure to find the best crypto dice game to fit your needs.

The Top 5 Crypto Dice Games All Time

Crypto dice games have been around for a while and continue to grow in popularity. While there are many different dice games to choose from, the top 5 all time crypto dice games are as follows:

  • PrimeDice
  • 999Dice
  • Bitdice
  • BetKing
  • Just-Dice

Each of these games offers its own unique features and gameplay, so it can be tough to decide which one is right for you. PrimeDice is probably the most well-known and popular of the bunch, and offers a wide variety of betting options. 999Dice is notable for its high payouts, while Bitdice offers a more user-friendly interface. BetKing is great for high rollers, and Just-Dice lets you play against the house for a chance to win big payouts.

No matter which game you choose to play, it’s important to understand the rules and odds before you bet. Be sure to check out each game’s website for more information about how to get started and what you can expect from your experience. As long as you follow the rules and pay attention to the odds, crypto dice games can be a great way to have some fun while potentially earning some extra money.

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People & Lifestyle

The Benefits of Pets for Mental Health

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emotional support dog guide

Pet ownership is becoming increasingly common. According to recent surveys, the majority of Americans own a pet. There are many potential benefits of pet ownership for human health, including reducing stress and risk of heart disease.

These animals can provide us with unconditional love and support in hard times, as well as help us cope with stress and anxiety on a daily basis. Pet ownership has many proven benefits for human health, such as lowering blood pressure and cholesterol, reducing stress and even preventing depression.

Pets and Mental Health

In recent years, the idea that pets can provide mental health benefits has taken off. Studies have revealed that owning a pet can actually improve your mental health and alleviate the symptoms of certain mental health issues.

From reducing loneliness and stress to providing structure and an outlet for looking after something, there is a wealth of evidence that shows how having a pet can improve your mental health. In this blog, we’ll discuss the many benefits of owning a pet for mental health.

One of the main benefits of owning a pet is that it can reduce loneliness and isolation. For many people, their pet is their best friend and they provide invaluable companionship. Pets can help to reduce feelings of loneliness and isolation by providing us with someone to talk to, cuddle and care for. In fact, research has shown that people who own pets are less likely to suffer from loneliness and isolation than those who don’t.

Pets can also help to reduce stress and anxiety. Caring for a pet can provide a sense of purpose and routine, which can be helpful for people who are struggling with stress or anxiety. Taking your dog for a walk, for example, can help to reduce stress and anxiety levels. Pets can also provide us with a sense of comfort and security, which can be very helpful for people who suffer from anxiety.

Another benefit of owning a pet is that it can provide structure and routine. For many people, having a pet can help to give their day a sense of structure and routine. This can be especially helpful for people who are struggling with mental health issues such as depression or anxiety, as it can provide a much-needed sense of purpose.

How a pet can help someone with depression

Depression is a mental health disorder characterized by feelings of sadness, loneliness, and hopelessness. Symptoms of depression can include insomnia, fatigue, irritability, and anhedonia (loss of pleasure in activities that were once enjoyed). Depression can be extremely debilitating, making it difficult to function on a day-to-day basis. While there is no one-size-fits-all solution for depression, many people find that owning a pet can help to ease symptoms and improve their overall mood.

Conclusion

Having a pet will bring enormous benefits to your health. Especially if you are struggling with anxiety or depression. Remember that if you have any questions, it is always important to have a medical consultation with a mental health professional. Even if you don’t have access to one, there are many non-profit mental health organizations like Imana that can guide you on how to move forward.

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People & Lifestyle

4 User-Friendly Mobile and Video Games

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Mobile and Video Games

The gaming sector has evolved in the last couple of years not just technologically but also with many new modern mobile and video games. Due to the sheer number of available options, it can be a bit overwhelming and challenging to find user-friendly mobile or video games for collection. In order to make the decision easier for you, we have compiled a list of the best games that you could have in your gaming library.

Slots

Online slots are typically considered easy to play, and they are user-friendly and easy to navigate with multiple features and even characters. You’ll be able to find hundreds of different online casinos with a vast collection of slot games that come in different themes. For example, you can try your luck with slots based on TV shows, sports, popular video games, celebrities, and many other options.

If you also want to try out more challenging casino games, you’ll be glad to know that reliable online casinos also offer a great selection of table and card games which are also available live with a human dealer.

In case you like to stick to the best online casinos for South Africans, go now to this website, where you can learn more about trustworthy casinos that accept ZAR payments. It’s worth noting that reliable casino sites are mobile- friendly, so you can play any game on your desktop and mobile device.

Florence

Florence is an award-winning mobile game that is known for its outstanding visuals, beautiful animations, touching story, and even more captivating soundtrack. If you’re looking for a more relaxing game, then this is a good option for you since Florence is an interactive novel.

You follow Florence as she makes a life-changing decision and falls in love with a cellist from the park. You have to help her with her first date and also follow along as she needs to make other decisions regarding her professional life and relationship.

South Park: The Fractured But Whole

This is the second part of the franchise after The Stick of Truth. For many fans of the TV Show, South Park: The Fractured But Whole is the best video game version that captures the spirt of the show. You will have a chance to play with your favorite characters and embark on dangerous adventures and battles. In our opinion, it’s a thoroughly enjoyable game for South Park fans.

Yooka-Laylee

Yooka-Laylee is a colorful ореn world platformer with a string of memorable and interesting characters and all kinds of adventures. Yooka and his friend Laylee embark on a challenging journey that requires them to defeat their opponents, enter a different world through magical books and solve tricky puzzles.

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The Best Bitcoin Casino Sites for US Players

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There are a growing number of bitcoin casino sites that are available to US players. These casinos offer a great experience, with top-notch games and bonuses. Players can enjoy a variety of games, including slots, blackjack, and roulette. In addition, bitcoin casinos often offer generous bonuses to new and existing players.

When selecting a bitcoin casino US players should look for the following:

  • Security and fairness – All reputable casinos use state-of-the-art encryption technology to protect user data and transactions. Players should also make sure that the online casino is regularly audited by a third party organization to ensure fair play.
  • Games and software – A good bitcoin casino will offer a wide selection of games from respected software providers. This ensures gamers have access to high-quality titles across multiple platforms such as mobile, desktop, virtual reality (VR) or augmented reality (AR).
  • Bonuses – Many bitcoin casinos are generous with their bonuses, offering both welcome packages and regular promotions to keep players happy. Look out for generous deposit bonuses, free spins, cashback offers and other rewards.
  • Customer support – A good casino should offer 24/7 customer service in case players have any queries or issues. There should be a variety of contact methods available, such as live chat, email and phone.
  • Banking options – Be sure to check what banking options are available at the casino before signing up to make sure your preferred method is supported. Players should also ensure that withdrawals are handled quickly and efficiently with no hidden fees or processing times attached.

 

By doing some research into these five key areas, US players can find the best bitcoin casinos around and enjoy an amazing gaming experience online!

How to Choose the Right Bitcoin Casino Site

When it comes to gambling high low game online, there are many options to choose from when it comes to casino sites. However, when looking for a Bitcoin casino, there are a few key factors to look for in order to ensure you’re playing with a reputable and safe site.

One of the most important things to look for is how long the casino has been in operation. A site that has been around for awhile is typically more reputable than one that is new and unproven. You can also check online review sites to see what others have had to say about their experiences with different Bitcoin casinos.

Another thing to look for is whether or not the casino is licensed and regulated. This ensures that the site is following all applicable laws and regulations and that your funds are safe. Finally, make sure that the casino uses secure encryption technology to protect your data and financial information.

If you follow these guidelines, you can be sure that you’re playing with a safe and reputable Bitcoin casino site.

The Top Bitcoin Casino Games for US Players

Bitcoin casino games are some of the most popular games being played online today. This is because bitcoin provides a safe and secure way to play casino games online. Additionally, bitcoin transactions are fast and easy to make, making it a preferred payment method for many players.

There are many different bitcoin casino games that players can enjoy, but some of the most popular include poker, blackjack, and slots. These games offer excitement and thrills that players cannot find at traditional casinos. Additionally, playing these games with bitcoin allows players to enjoy anonymity and privacy while they play.

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The Pros & Cons of Owning the Popular Citadel Boss 25

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Citadel Boss 25

Lovers of the Citadel Boss 25 will know all of the great things that this popular semi-automatic 12-gauge shotgun offers. Sought after due to its cool-looking AR-15-style design and excellent performance, it’s a weapon that most gun owners would at the very least, like to try out!

However, in the interests of impartiality, there’s no such thing as a perfect product, so in this blog, we’ll be looking at what’s great and perhaps not-so-great about the rifle. So let’s waste no time in getting started and seeing what they are. 

Citadel Boss 25 Benefits 

First off, it’s worth reiterating its uber-cool styling, as it’s certainly a bonus! However, it’s about more than aesthetics, as there are a bunch of extra advantages as shown below.

  • Easy to fire – it’s a shotgun that feels great in the hand and is super-easy to get used to, meaning that it’s a good choice for novice shooters.
  • Super dependable – you buy a gun like this one for defense, so it’s good to know that the Boss 25 is known for being reliable. Real peace of mind indeed. 
  • Tons of configurations – do even just a little research and you’ll find a bunch of neat add-ons that make it set up for you. 

 

The Boss 25 is also available with 4 different lengths of barrel, as well as 2 sizes of chamber and three varieties of stock. This means that whoever you are and whatever you’re using it for, you’ll find an option that suits you perfectly. 

Boss 25 Drawbacks 

Now we put on our cynical hat and look at the Boss 25 from Citadel through much more scrutinous eyes! What don’t we like about the weapon?

  • Pump-action Only – The only mode available is pump-action, so you’ll need to have fairly strong arms to use the shotgun to defend yourself and your family. Truth is, you need to be in shape to use this kind of weapon. 
  • Low Rounds-per-Minute – while the firing rate of the Citadel Boss 25 may be fast enough for your needs, there are many others on the market that will outdo it in this regard. 

A Great Weapon For the Money You’re Paying! 

In review then, we have a popular shotgun in the Citadel Boss 25 that looks great, is easy to fire, dependable and is available in more than enough configurations to suit everyone. 

On the downside, we have a slow firing rate and limited action, but where this weapon falls down, it more than makes up for it in different areas. We’ve not even had time to mention that this 12-gauge shotgun is super safe, with features that prevent negligent discharges from ever happening. 

When you consider that this beauty will cost you less than $350, depending on where you buy, you’re getting an awful lot for the money. Watch just a couple of YouTube videos about the weapon and you’ll see exactly what we mean. 

Then, we think, you’ll love it as much as we do!

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Why Should You Go for No-nicotine E-liquids?

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Why Should You Go for No-nicotine E-liquids?

Most people relate vaping with nicotine, and many smokers use it to quit smoking tobacco. There are plenty of other benefits of transitioning to vapes, one of which is the decency and design of vapes.

Vaping is very different from smoking, and zero nicotine E-liquids (vape juices) are available. Many people who take up vaping do so to reduce their nicotine intake gradually. For more unrelated reasons, some users only use zero nicotine vape juices. you should use E-liquids from famous brands e.g Signature e liquid, and amazingly 88 vape liquid offer nicotine-free eliquids you can buy products of these brands.

In this post, let’s discuss some benefits and reasons for switching to non-nicotine E-liquid.

No Dependence – No Addiction

Nicotine is an addictive substance, so most smokers depend on its constant consumption. On the other side, the zero nicotine vape juices are not addictive as they do not have any added addictive component.

In easier words, the zero-nicotine E-liquids will not create a user dependency.

Larger Massive Clouds

Having no nicotine in E-liquids is not only good for your health. But also, nicotine vape juice lets you increase the percentage of other ingredients. If you appreciate big vapour clouds, you can use vape juices with a higher concentration of VG (vegetable glycerin). It is an essential ingredient that is attributed to the bigger formation of clouds.

Societal Vaping

Some people are not hyped about nicotine use but are attracted to the social aspects of vaping. Like you can find electronic hookahs for people who enjoy vaping socially. Moreover, enthusiasts love to try out new devices, and they will especially appreciate flexing their new vape kits in social gatherings.

Less Impact on Lungs and Throat

When you vape without nicotine, you will successfully avoid the throat hit. It is a sensation that one feels in the throat as the smoke passes through. You can also feel this sensation in your lungs if you smoke stronger cigarettes.

Higher nicotine levels will end up irritating your throat and turn the overall experience less fun. Suing a zero per cent nicotine E-liquid, you are in for a smoother overall experience for your lungs and throat. As there will be no irritant to make you cough.

Zero-Percent Nicotine E-Liquids are Ideal for Vaping Tricks

Almost all of the cloud chasers play around using zero-nicotine vaping liquids. Most vape users have attempted to blow out O-rings at least once. Practising the vapour tricks with zero-nic vaping liquids is far easier and more convenient.

It is comparatively easy to inhale zero-nic vape juices, and there is no point in using nicotine vape liquids if you merely want to perform vaping tricks.

Conclusion

Not only are the zero-nicotine E-liquids perfect for your health, but they are also good for your finances, enjoyment, and smoking experience. With zero-nic liquids, you get to enjoy the experience of vaping without facing the downsides of nicotine.

Give the nic-free vape juice a try if you want to transition from smoking, remove nicotine, or want a break from smoking nicotine. While the nic-free liquids are ideal for performing vape tricks and chasing clouds, they also have multifaceted benefits in the longer run.

Give it a try if you want to quit smoking, remove nicotine, or take a break from it.

 

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