Connect with us

People & Lifestyle

The 20 Biggest Celebrity Controversies Of 2019




The very meaning of controversy has been contested in 2019. With so much access to celebrities, the beginnings and ends of their relationships, the snubs and fights that shook the nation. These were some of 2019’s biggest celebrity controversies that dominated the headlines and our social interactions. Get some ‘Khebab’ this is fun!

Stonebwoy and Shatta Wale’s VGMA fight

The 20th edition of the Vodafone Ghana Music Awards is one Ghanaians will never forget. It was the first time a celebrity had pulled a gun on stage and live TV. It was the first time Stonebwoy and Shatta Wale had taken their feud from social media into action and the days that followed were more controversial. Award withdrawals, indefinite bans, police arrests, private peace talks, a Peace Conference, kisses on live television, new friendships and an ongoing court trial. It is great to see both musicians ending the year on a good note.

Stonebwoy and Shatta Wale stripped off VGMA 2019 awards, and banned indefinitely


When American rapper Belcalis Marlenis Almánzar aka Cardi B who was billed to perform at the Livespot X Festival arrived in Ghana on 8th December, it was the beginning of an endless weekend of controversies. Following highlights from experience in Nigeria which saw living it up in a strip, many Ghanaians hoped she will have a better experience in Accra. However as she put in herself, her short time in Ghana was full of dilemmas.

After touching down in Accra and was welcomed by a crowd at the airport, she headed to her hotel and showed the world her awesome room at the Kempinski Gold Coast Hotel. An hour later, videos of Moesha, Becca, Afia Schwarzenegger, Hajia4real, Efia Odo,  Akuapem Poloo, among others were seen matching to the Kempinski Hotel to meet the pop star. But the situation got quite tense when Cardi B did not turn up for the event.


In their anger, some of the celebrities took to social media to express their dissatisfaction with the development and condemned the rapper for her behaviour.

But at a meet the press session after most of the celebrities had left the venue, Cardi B said the promoters of the event did not inform her about a scheduled meet and greet with celebrities, adding that it was not in her nature to disrespect others. She later went on IG live to lash out at the celebrities who had seen her by the pool but failed to come confront.



View this post on Instagram


Cardi b speaks at meet and greets, says she didnt mean to disrespect Ghanaians #ameyawtv


A post shared by Ameyaw TV (@ameyawtv) on

Out of all the brouhaha surrounding Cardi B’s visit, it was actress Akuapem Poloo who had the last laugh. Akuapem Poloo waited whiles the other celebrities left and had the oppoutunities to meet and dance with her ‘role model’. The award-winning rapper later followed her on Instagram and even called her ‘my twin’ on her IG story.


View this post on Instagram


Yaaaay.. @iamcardib just followed @akuapem_poloo . Plus she got mentioned on her IG story. #ameyawtv


A post shared by Ameyaw TV (@ameyawtv) on

Kelvynboy vs Wendy Shay

As his then boss, Stonebwoy was trying to reconcile with his rival, Kelvynboy created a new rival in Wendy Shay. The unintentional curve from him to Wendy Shay during the Peace Conference created a month long beef between the two.

Watch: “I can write better songs for Bullet to give to Wendy Shay” – Kelvyn Boy

Stonebwoy sacking Kelynboy and Blakk Cedi

In September, Ghanaian musician Livingstone Etse Satekla popularly known as Stonebwoy announced the release of Kelvynboy from his record label. Stonebwoy revealed that after an audit of Kelvynboy’s conduct during his initial one-year agreement which expired on January 22, 2019, the label found no good reason to activate the 4-year extension of the agreement option.


Kelvynboy’s sack came after Stonebwoy had released Blakk Cedi from his team as a manager.

BREAKING: Stonebwoy drops Kelvynboy from his Burniton Music Group

2020 GRAMMY Nomination Saga

When the nominees for the 2020 GRAMMY Awards was announced it sparked a week long conversation on social media. With the nomination of Burna Boy’s AFRICAN GIANT and Beyonce’s LION KING: THE GIFT, there was confusion as to what exactly the Ghanaian acts featured on these project would be getting if the projects won their various categories. Fuse ODG ‘unnecessarily’ went hard at entertainment pundits who asked him for a clarification on the issue and this sparked another controversy.

This is what would happen if Beyonce’s ‘The Lion King: The Gift’ wins GRAMMY Best Pop Vocal Album

MUSIGA’s Ghc70,000 Menzgold investment

Nana Appian Mensah, CEO of Menzgold Gold had quite a year! But it was Bessa Simons’ revelation that the Musicians Union of Ghana MUSIGA, invested in Menzgold that had people shook. The aspiring MUSIGA president disclosed that the Union, under the Bice Osei Kuffuor administration invested Ghc70,000 in the gold dealership company before its unfortunate collapse.


MUSIGA invested Ghc70,000 in Menzgold – Bessa Simons reveals

Stars who left EIB Network and Bola Ray’s confession

2019 was a rough year for Bola Ray’s EIB Network as many of the media houses’ on-air personalities left for other jobs. From Berla Mundi, Giovanni Caleb to Kemmini Amanor, people were curious as to what was exactly happening. Whiles speaking at the iYes Summit in August, Chief Executive Officer of EIB Network, Nathaniel Kwabena Anokye Adisi revealed the reason why most of his staff left.

Bola Ray openly disclosed how he had to delay payments of salaries for 7 months in 2018 and further explained that people who worked with EIB and could not bear with the challenges that came with salary delays used different excuses to leave for other jobs.

Watch: I couldn’t pay salaries for 7 months – Bola Ray on tough times at EIB Network

Strongman and Medikal’s rap battle

June was hot as two names dominated the headlines, trends and social group chats. As Medikal and Strongman were fighting each other with punchlines, people were busy accessing who was a better rapper than the other. They both left punchlines and hits that will be in the minds of many. Were you #TeamMedikal or #TeamStrongman?


Medikal, Strongman squash ‘beef’ at ‘Welcome to Sowutuom’ concert

Kidi’s secret

Earlier this month, Lynxx Entertainment signee Kidi dropped a bombshell on his fans and it shook the whole nation. The ‘SAY YOU LOVE’ hitmaker showed his son whom he had been hiding for 3 years to the world. According to Kidi, he kept Zayne a secret because he knew how judgmental Ghanaians were.

Kidi finally shows off his three-year old son who was born in the UK (exclusive details)

Amakye Dede suing Trigmatic

When Trigmatic revealed in an interview that Amakye Dede had a ghostwriter in the past, he never imagined Amakye Dede taking the matter to court. Although Trigmatic had issued a public apology, the highlife legend sued him 1million Ghana Cedis for defamation.

Amakye Dede sues Trigmatic GH¢1m for defamation


Becca mother’s revelation

Most Ghanaians were shocked when Madam Julie Yiadom-Oti, the mother of singer Becca  granted an explosive interview claiming that Becca’s husband, Tobi, has branded her as a witch and cut her off from reaching Becca. Madam Yiadom-Oti spoke with passion and anger about her sour relationship with Dr Tobi.

I love my mum regardless and I would like everyone to respect her at this time- Becca on mum saga

Moesha vs Salma Mumin

The social media war between Moesha and Salma Mumin is undoubtedly the ‘social media beef’ of the year. They threw shades at each other through Instagram captions over who took insipiration from who to get plastic surgery.

#TrendingGH:Salma and Moesha’s fake buttocks wars, Fantana’s cooking skills and more

Shatta Wale and Shatta Michy’s breakup

There have been many breakups between Shatta and Shatta Michy but the 2019 version seems to be the final one. Throughout the year, shades and shots were thrown from both sides that convinced most people that the two were at the end on the road with their relationship.


Photos: Shatta Michy exposes lady behind notorious Instagram page “Those so Called celebs”?

Mzvee leaves Lynxx Entertainment

Following her absence from social media and speculations about her being pregnant, MzVee in July denied that she had left Lynxx Entertainment. She returned in September to officially announce her departure from the Richie led record label. Mzvee and Lynx Entertainment ended their 8 years working relationship a move many saw coming.

MzVee and Lynx entertainment part ways

Princess Shyngle and Burnaboy/boyfriend drama

Princess Shyngle always finds herself in the news and 2019 was definitely that year she went international with her controversies. From a G Wagon, she claimed was gifted to her by her boyfriend on Val’s Day to the engagement with her Senegalese boyfriend, Frederic Badji which was called off a month later because she accused him of cheating before reuniting with him again! The biggest Shyngle controversy however, was when she was accused of sleeping with Burna Boy and causing a breakup between him and Steflon Don.

“I love you so much Frederic” – Princess Shyngle reacts to dating Burna Boy rumors, shares a glimpse of her boyfriend


Afia Schwarzenegger vs Tonardo and Mzbel

Afia Schwarzenegger’s middle name is controversy and this year was no different. The threesome friendship between her, Nana Tonardo and Mzbel went sour this year and resulted in the constant throwing of shades, insults, and curses. During their year-long brawl, Nana Tornado revealed a lot of secrets about Afia saying she produces lesbians for NPP officials and also saying she was a drug addict when she came back from South Africa.

Wendy Shay Net worth interview/ YEA Kuffour Visit Outfit

Since the year began, Wendy Shay has been on the lips of Ghanaians for various reasons. The “inappropriate” outfit she wore on her visit to former President John Kuffuor’s home had tongues wagging. However, it was her interview on TV Africa about her net worth that Ghanaians will never forget. Even Prince David Osei called it ‘dumb’

Vanessa Gyan and Stephen Appiah’s relationship

When rumours were rife that media personality Vanessa Gyan’s baby daddy is Stephen Appiah many were shocked. According to rumors, several close friends of Vanessa had confirmed that Ex-Blackstar captain, Stephen Appiah was her child’s father but she never commented on the issue so we will never know the truth.


Vanessa Gyan to host a free baby shower for 150 expecting mothers next month.


Fantana ‘Sanitary Pad’ situation/ Rufftown Bullies

In just a year of her introduction into the Ghana music scene, Fantana’s name has been attached to one controversy after the other. From her cooking skills, Fantana suffered a wardrobe malfunction as she performed at the REIGN CONCERT and Ghanaians didn’t let it slide. The singer whose sanitary pad did not fit in well into her panties suffered a backlash after the video of her performance went viral. Fantana was slammed by some social media users for not wearing underpants when she knew her dress was skimpy. A few weeks after the incident, she accused her manager, Bullet and label mate Wendy Shay for constantly bullying her. An accusation Bullet and Wendy denied.

I am not ashamed of menstruating – Fantana addresses sanitary pad show off on stage

Chris Attoh’s wife murder

2019 was a rough for Ghanaian actor Chris Attoh! After his wife of eight months was murdered in cold blood in the US, the actor also lost hisd dad in October.


Miss Ghana 2019 Queens

The 2019 Miss Ghana Queens were surrounded with so much controvies even the first-runner up resigned from her position.

Miss Ghana 2019 runner-up resigns, Inna Patty reveals why



Which celebrity controversy surprised you the most and which ones are missing on this list? Let us know!


People & Lifestyle

Explore Instagram Latest Updates For Better Engagement



nathana reboucas LIfRyiWWBZs unsplash

To maximize interaction and remain relevant in the ever-changing world of social media, you must keep ahead of the curve. Instagram is constantly evolving as a medium for interaction, creativity, and community development, thanks to its rapid upgrades and improvements. If you want to make the most of Instagram’s engagement strategy, you need to stay up-to-date on all the newest improvements, from new features to algorithm tweaks. Learn about Instagram’s newest features and how to use them to your advantage for more audience engagement in this post.


The Latest on Reels: Embracing Condensed Video


Reels has further strengthened Instagram’s focus on short-form video content. Users may use this function to make and find intriguing music videos, much like on TikTok. You can display your ideas in short, engaging clips, reach more people, and capitalize on hot themes by using Reels. Try using Reels to spice up your content strategy and produce more captivating one word captions for Instagram for your viewers organically.



Instagram Tutorials: Putting Together Collections of High-Quality Content


Users may compile and share helpful content compilations, such as Instagram Guides, which can include everything from product suggestions to travel ideas and educational resources. Anyone from brands to influencers to educators may benefit from Guides because of the flexible structure they provide for arranging and displaying information in an attractive and user-friendly way. To encourage participation and establish credibility, make guides that speak to your audience’s interests while offering helpful advice.


Real-Time Environments: Enabling Engaging Broadcasts


Instagram’s Live Rooms feature enables collaborative broadcasting between up to four users, allowing for lively, engaging discussions. Live Rooms allow instantaneous audience participation and interaction, making them ideal for question-and-answer sessions, interviews, and panel discussions. Use Live Rooms to connect with your audience more personally, answer questions, and give insightful commentary while fostering community participation.



Updates to Algorithms: Making Relevance and Authenticity Our Top Priorities


Instagram’s algorithm is always improving to give more weight to real, relevant, and interesting content. Make sure to prioritize producing top-notch content that speaks to your audience’s interests and preferences if you want to increase exposure and engagement. Signal to the algorithm that your material is worthwhile and deserves to be prioritized in users’ feeds by using relevant hashtags, engaging with popular topics, and encouraging meaningful interactions with your audience.


Story Updates: Bringing New Interactivity

tunahan gunkan G8ayKNelgks unsplash



The latest Instagram Stories update included interactive features like polls, quizzes, and countdown stickers, further solidifying the app’s status as a popular and successful tool for promoting interaction. Use these interactive features to get people involved, get their thoughts, and start discussions. If you want to create content people can’t stop talking about, you must include interactive stories in your plan.


In summary


Keeping up with Instagram’s innovations and adding new features is crucial for keeping ahead of the competition and maximizing your audience engagement. Discovering Instagram’s newest features opens up a world of possibilities for expression, connection, and community development, from Reels—a platform for short-form video material—to Guides, a tool for collecting and organizing excellent content, and Live Rooms, a platform for promoting interactive broadcasts. By taking advantage of these developments and incorporating them into your engagement plan, you can better connect with your audience, create more meaningful conversations, and stand out on Instagram in the dynamic digital world.

Continue Reading

People & Lifestyle

InnoVision Marketing Group Selected as Agency of Record For Beloved Tennessee-Based Restaurant, Buddy’s bar-b-q



innovision buddys
InnoVision Marketing Group, a San Diego-based full-service advertising agency, has been named agency of record for Buddy’s bar-b-q, an East Tenn. bar-b-q favorite among tourists and locals alike. Through this new partnership, InnoVision Marketing Group will collaborate closely with Buddy’s bar-b-q to develop a comprehensive marketing and communications strategy to assist in a rebranding campaign and its planned expansion throughout the southern U.S.
Buddy’s bar-b-q brand has been Knoxville’s go-to fast casual bar-b-q restaurant since 1972. They have a wide variety of bar-b-q menu options from slow-cooked pulled pork, chicken and beef to Smoky wings, Smoky dawgs, many delicious sides and regionally famous hush puppies and Hot Fudge Cake. With 19 locations in Tenn., Buddy’s bar-b-q is ready to enter new market segments in the surrounding states and showcase its incredibly successful franchise model.
Buddy’s customer base is generational. It’s not uncommon to see four generations of one family dining at one table. The brand has been woven into the fabric of the East Tennessee dining scene by consistently offering a welcoming and relaxing atmosphere where guests can dine comfortably. With a focus on southern hospitality and quality ingredients, Buddy’s offers a menu suited for the most discerning bar-b-q palate, as all the meats are hickory smoked daily at every location. To honor and support their mission of being a restaurant that better serves the community, they provide fresh, fast and delicious bar-b-q at tremendous value.
“We pride ourselves on being a third-generation family-owned restaurant that offers the comfort of dining in with the convenience of a drive-thru at all of our locations,” stated Mark Lemoncelli, Co-Owner & CEO of the Buddy’s Family of companies. “Our success for over fifty years has been based on having a tradition of fresh hickory smoked bar-b-q combined with fast, courteous and friendly service and offering generous portions of food at a reasonable price. We’re thrilled to join forces with InnoVision, confident that their distinct insights and deep expertise in the fast-casual dining sector will bolster Buddy’s bar-b-q, fortifying our brand and propelling us toward future expansion.”
InnoVision Marketing Group offers everything under the marketing umbrella, with all services performed in-house and tailors the pricing and scope of each client partnership based on what stage of growth the company is in. InnoVision represents brands in multiple categories, including airports, automotive, fast-casual dining, food & beverage, healthcare, QSR, soft drinks, retail, tribal government, economic development and nonprofits.
The San Diego-based agency will collaborate closely with the Buddy’s bar-b-q team to develop and execute a rebranding and comprehensive expansion strategy, including the oversight of all marketing services including branding, traditional advertising, digital media, public relations, social media and video production. Once the new brand and strategy are in place, the agency will launch a new creative campaign throughout the Knoxville-designated market area.
“It’s such a tremendous honor to represent Buddy’s bar-b-q; they’re a heritage brand in Knoxville, and their roots are deep in the community,” said Ric Militi, CEO & Executive Creative Director at InnoVision Marketing Group. “They represent tradition, family values and quality. And when it comes to southern bar-b-q, they are as authentic as it gets. It’s amazing to see the nostalgic emotion they evoke in their guests, which is understandable when you consider the generational span they have endured, and the fact that in this age of high prices, they still offer a quality dining experience at an unbelievable value, all in the same place.”
InnoVision’s portfolio and expertise in franchising marketing positions it as the ideal strategic partner to elevate Buddy’s bar-b-q’s objective and expand its reach. InnoVision Marketing Group has recently started providing the opportunity for global franchising to offer its clients the tools to succeed in the franchising and fast-casual industry. The agency currently represents three other fast-casual brands: Huey Magoo’s Chicken Tenders, Island Fin Poké Co. and Krak Boba.
For more information on Buddy’s bar-b-q, please visit To learn more about InnoVision Marketing Group, please click here or email
Continue Reading

People & Lifestyle

Shadows and Charms: Exploring Superstitions Around the Globe



Garden Shadows Charms Bracelet 6142 1

Superstitions, those beliefs or practices often considered irrational or supernatural, vary widely across cultures and regions, offering fascinating insights into the fears and hopes of humanity. Around the world there are superstitions from avoiding black cats to the rituals for good luck, these beliefs, whether rooted in tradition, folklore, or collective experiences, continue to influence behavior and perspectives globally. This blog delves into some of the most intriguing superstitions from around the world, revealing the diversity and commonality of human thought and the power of the unseen in shaping our daily lives.

1. The Ominous Number 13: Western Fears and Beyond

In many Western cultures, the number 13 is synonymous with bad luck, a superstition that permeates various aspects of society. From the absence of the 13th floor in many buildings to the fear of Friday the 13th, this number carries a weight of historical and cultural significance.

  • Historical and Mythological Roots: The fear of the number 13, or triskaidekaphobia, has various potential origins, including the Last Supper, where Judas, the 13th guest, betrayed Jesus. Norse mythology also contributes, with the story of 12 gods having a dinner party, only for the uninvited 13th god, Loki, to cause chaos and death.
  • Cultural Impact and Manifestations: The avoidance of the number 13 is evident in architecture (skipping the 13th floor), travel (airlines omitting the 13th row), and dates (the dread of Friday the 13th). This superstition has led to real-world actions, from architectural designs to calendar fears, highlighting the tangible impact of intangible beliefs.

2. The Evil Eye: A Protective Fear Across Cultures

The belief in the evil eye, the idea that envy or malice can bring misfortune or injury through a malevolent gaze, is prevalent in various cultures, including Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and South Asian societies. This superstition transcends geographical boundaries, illustrating a universal concern over envy and malice.

  • Protection and Prevention: To counteract the evil eye, people use amulets, charms, or rituals. The nazar, a cobalt blue and white eye-shaped amulet, is commonly seen in Turkey, Greece, and the surrounding regions, worn or placed in homes to ward off bad luck and ill will.
  • Cultural Significance and Adaptations: The concept of the evil eye reflects deep-seated beliefs about the power of jealousy and the importance of social harmony. Rituals and talismans vary, from red strings in Kabbalistic tradition to mirrored decorations in Indian culture, each serving a protective function against the unseen forces of envy.

3. Knocking on Wood: A Universal Gesture for Good Luck

The practice of knocking on wood, or touching wood, to avoid tempting fate or to bring good luck, is a widespread superstition with variations seen in many cultures. This act is often performed after making a hopeful statement, to prevent bad luck from intercepting positive outcomes.

  • Origins and Evolution: The origin of this superstition might be linked to ancient pagan cultures that believed spirits or deities resided in trees. Knocking on wood was a way to acknowledge their presence and seek their protection or favor. Over time, this practice evolved into a gesture for luck and a ward against misfortune.
  • Global Presence and Interpretations: While predominantly found in Western cultures, similar practices exist worldwide. In Turkey, people knock on wood and then pull on one earlobe to further ensure good luck. In Brazil, “batendo na madeira” serves the same purpose, demonstrating the global nature of this superstitious action.

Superstitions, from the fear of the number 13, the protective measures against the evil eye, to the luck-invoking act of knocking on wood, highlight a fascinating aspect of human psychology and cultural expression. These beliefs, while often dismissed as irrational, play a significant role in the daily lives of many, offering comfort, creating community bonds, and influencing decisions. They represent a world where the unseen forces, whether feared or revered, continue to shape the human experience across time and geography. 


Continuing from the previous points on superstitions around the world, here are three more intriguing superstitions that highlight the diversity and richness of cultural beliefs globally:



4. Italy: The Curse of the Evil Eye (Malocchio)

In Italy, the belief in “Malocchio” (evil eye) is taken very seriously. It is thought that if someone looks at you with envy or ill will, they can curse you unintentionally. This superstition is so prevalent that there are rituals to diagnose and cure the evil eye.

  • Diagnosis and Cure: The ritual to determine if one has been afflicted involves dropping olive oil into a bowl of water. If the oil forms an eye shape, it confirms the presence of Malocchio. The cure often involves a prayer and the use of specific objects like red ribbons or horns (cornicello), which are thought to ward off bad luck and protect against the evil eye.
  • Cultural Impact and Adaptation: The fear of the evil eye has led to a variety of protective amulets and gestures, such as the “mano cornuta,” where the index and little fingers are extended to form a horn, warding off bad luck. This superstition reflects the Italian concern with envy and the power of malicious intent, influencing social interactions and personal adornments.

5. Japan: Nighttime Whistling Attracts Snakes and Spirits

In Japan, a country rich in folklore and spiritual beliefs, it is considered bad luck to whistle or play musical instruments at night. The superstition holds that these sounds can attract unwanted attention from snakes and malevolent spirits.

  • Historical and Cultural Background: The origin of this superstition dates back to times when villages were more susceptible to attacks and invasions. Nighttime noise was believed to summon dangerous creatures or signal to enemies. Over time, this belief evolved into the idea that whistling at night could call forth supernatural beings and misfortune.
  • Modern-Day Interpretation: While the fear of attracting snakes may be less of a concern in urban areas today, the superstition persists, often cautioning against creating disturbances that could upset the spiritual balance or invite bad luck into one’s life.

6. India: The Significance of the Nimbu-Mirchi Totem

In India, the “Nimbu-Mirchi” (lemon and chili) totem is a common sight, hanging in homes, vehicles, and businesses. This superstition is rooted in the ancient practice of “nazar utarna,” believed to ward off the evil eye and bring good luck.

  • Creation and Purpose: The totem is usually made of seven green chilies and one lemon, strung together and hung outside the doorway. It is believed to trap negative energy and protect the household or establishment from harmful influences and bad luck.
  • Cultural and Spiritual Beliefs: The choice of lemon and chili is significant; the sour taste of lemon and the hotness of chili are thought to deter evil spirits and negativity. This totem is replaced every week, typically on a Saturday, to maintain its protective potency.


These examples further illustrate the fascinating and varied nature of superstitions across different cultures. From the Italian concern with envy manifested through the evil eye, to the Japanese avoidance of nighttime whistling due to its potential to attract danger, and the Indian practice of using the Nimbu-Mirchi totem for protection, superstitions provide a window into the values, fears, and historical contexts of societies. They offer a rich tapestry of beliefs that continue to influence behavior, traditions, and cultural identity worldwide.

Continue Reading

People & Lifestyle

Nana Kwame Bediako receives blessings from Chief Imam right after Eid, as he endorses his ambition for leadership as President of Ghana



Chief Imam lays his hands on Nana Kwame Bediako as he prays, giving him his blessings and guidance foe the journey he’s embarked on.
Chief Imam lays his hands on Nana Kwame Bediako as he prays, giving him his blessings and guidance foe the journey he’s embarked on.

Nana Kwame Bediako, leader of the emerging political movement, The New Force, is making waves in Ghanaian politics with a bold vision for change. On the significant day of Eid, Bediako made a notable gesture by paying a courtesy visit to the National Chief Imam at his private residence in Fadama, Accra. 

Symbolizing a significant intersection of politics and religion, the meeting highlighted Bediako’s commitment to engaging with diverse communities and in addition highlighted his long-standing friendship with chief imam and years of demonstrable commitment coupled with a strong and underlining interest in the social development the communities.